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Oral history interview with Esther Schkurman

Oral History | Accession Number: 2004.73.32 | RG Number: RG-50.569.0032

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Esther Schkurman, born in Hrodna, Belarus in 1923, describes her childhood; living in Warsaw, Poland and returning to Hrodna after the German invasion; being forced into a ghetto in Hrodna after the Nazi invasion and losing her family’s assets; the death of her father in the ghetto and having to lie to bury him in a Jewish cemetery; work in the ghetto; being beaten in the ghetto; the smuggling of food into the ghetto and the suicides in the ghetto; being forced to sing Jewish songs by the Germans; being transported in cattle cars to Majdanek and then Auschwitz-Birkenau; witnessing murder and torture in Auschwitz; her contacts with the men’s camp; working in the Kanada barracks; exchanging food with resistance fighters through the toilets; and the fates of her camp friends.

Interviewee
Esther Schkurman
Date
1975 February 23  (interview)
Language
German
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
1 sound cassette (90 min.).