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Silver dinner fork smuggled into France by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2005.4.2

Silver fork smuggled by Ludwig Wertheim out of Nazi Germany and into France in the 1930s. When Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in 1933, 24 year old Ludwig was in France on business for the family wine import firm. They were observant Jews and it was decided that Ludwig should remain in France. He made a few trips home to Wurzburg during which he retrieved many family valuables. He last saw his parents in April 1936. His German passport was revoked, but he was issued refugee papers by the French government. After the German invasion of France in May 1940, Ludwig joined the French Foreign Legion and served until his demobilization on November 10, 1945. This fork and spoon (2005.4.3) are the only family possessions that he was able to recover.

emigration:  1933
use: Bordeaux (France : Generalite)
Household Utensils
Object Type
Forks (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ludwig Wertheim
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:18:09
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