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Kniker family photographs

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 2005.240.1

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    The collection includes four photographs: a Kniker family portrait; Łódź circa 1930; a group portrait of students and teachers at the girl's Jewish gymnasium at Piramowicza in Łódź, circa 1938/1939; a group portrait of a graduating class from the ghetto high school, Łódź ghetto, June 1941; and an image of four Jewish boys who were survivors of the Łódź ghetto in front of a truck labeled "The Happy Boys." The collection also contains images of Regina Kopelman, her brother, Roman, and her husband, Symcha Binem, after liberation.
    inclusive:  1930-1946
    Collection Creator
    Regina Kopelman
    Symcha B. Kopelman
    Regina Kopelman (born Regina Renia Kniker) was born on February 9, 1923 in Łódź, Poland. Her father, Emanuel Kniker worked in a textile factory and her mother, Sonia Lifszyc Kniker took care of the children. Renia had three siblings: Dorota Dasza, (1921-1945), Romuald Romek (later Kent, b. April 18, 1925), and Leon (later Kent, b. October 6, 1926). In 1940 Renia and her family were forced into the Łódź ghetto and lived on 13 Spacerowa Street. Emanuel died in the ghetto on November 13, 1942. Renia worked some of the time in Marysin and some of the time as a clerk in the Judenrat (Jewish Council). In August 1944 Sonia and her children were deported to Auschwitz. Sonia was murdered on arrival, but Renia and her siblings were chosen as able-bodied for labor. After a few weeks Regina was transferred to Guben where she was a slave laborer in a factory. In January 1945 she was transferred to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp and in April 1945 she was forced on a death march. The British Army liberated Renia on April 15, 1945. Regina and her sister, Dasza, were transferred to a hospital in Malmö, Sweden for medical care. Dasza Kniker died there on September 19, 1945. Regina married Josef Symcha Binem Kopelman on February 1, 1948 and settled in Sweden.
    Josef Symcha Binem Kopelman was born on January 12, 1911 in Warsaw, Poland. His father, Abram Mordka Kopelman worked in a factory and his mother, Zlata Rywka Rotenberg Kopelman (d. 1924) had nine children. Josef had eight siblings: Itzhak Arie (b. 1886), Dawid (b.1888), Szlojme (b.1890), Jonasz (b.1892), Zosia Zisl (b.1894), Pinkus (b.1900), Dorka (b.1905), and Chana Zisl (b.1917). Josef lived for four years with his grandfather in Lublin and in 1918 the family moved to Piotrków Trybunalski. In 1927 Josef went to Berlin, Germany, where he worked in an AEG factory, but in 1936 he was expelled from Germany to Poland. He settled in Łódź and in 1937 he married Zisla Różańska (b. September 8, 1912). Their son, Heniuś,(Hirsz Aron, b. November 27, 1937) was born later the same year. In September 1939 Josef was taken as POW to Stalag 8A in Georlitz. He arranged for false identification papers and, posing as a Pole, he was able to travel back to Łódź, to his wife and son. In 1940 they were forced into the Łódź ghetto, where Josef served as a Jewish policeman. In September 1942 deported Zisla and Hirsz were deported with nearly 20,000 Jews to Chełmno concentration camp where they perished. Josef transferred and worked in the electrical workshops, as a specialist in streetcars. On August 30, 1944, during the liquidation of the Łódź ghetto, Josef was deported to Auschwitz and put into Punishment Company (Strafcommando). After one month he was transferred to Altenhammer, a sub camp of Flossenburg, where he built train tracks. In January 1945 he was transferred to Dora concentration camp where V1 and V2 rockets were produced. On April 1, 1945 the Germans evacuated the camp and transferred the prisoners to Bergen-Belsen. On April 15, 1945 Josef was liberated by the British Army and later transferred to Sweden for medical care. He married Regina Renia Kniker in 1948 and they settled in Sweden.

    Physical Details

    1 folder
    System of Arrangement
    The Kniker family photograph collection is arranged in a single series.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Łódź (Poland) Poland.

    Administrative Notes

    Regina Kopelman donated the Kniker family photograph collection to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2005.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 14:13:48
    This page:

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