Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Small brass sign from the family capmaking business brought to the US by a Jewish refugee from Vienna

Object | Accession Number: 2004.704.4

Brass sign plate from his family’s capmaking business brought with David Mentkewicz, when he, his wife Regina, and their sons, 7 year old Edgar and 4 year old Robert, left Nazi ruled Vienna, Austria, for the United States in September 1938. Salomon and his wife Frieda, operated a capmaking business in their home. When David was old enough, he helped with the work, as did his wife Regina. At one point, they made wool caps for the military. But it was a piecework buisness, and, by the 1930s, capmaking did not bring in enough income to support the family. Germany annexed Austria on March 12, 1938, and enacted anti-Jewish policies stripping Jews of their rights. The Mentkewicz family capmaking business declined and they barely made enough to buy food. Regina was able to obtain visas and permissions to leave with the help of her family. Salomon and his wife Frieda were too elderly to leave. David and his family left in September 1938, and settled in New York. Many years later, they learned that soon after their departure, Salomon was hospitalized until his death in early 1939. Frieda was deported by the Germans to Łódź Ghetto in Poland in approximately 1941-1942, and then transported to Chelmno killing center in 1942.

creation:  before 1938
use: Vienna (Austria)
Information Forms
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Robert Mentken
Record last modified: 2022-09-06 13:31:01
This page: