Caliper used by a prisoner in a forced labor camp
1944 September-1945 February
Luftwaffe Nachschublager (Air Force Supply Depot);
Tools and Equipment
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of George J. and Shari Fine
Caliper used by 17 year old Sari Marmor (Shari Fine) when she worked as forced labor in an underground Luftwaffe factory and supply depot in the Black Forest near Stuttgart, Germany. She was a team foreman and worked on a lathe making screws. The caliper was the only thing she took with her on the death march ordered to evacuate the camp. Sari and her family were deported by the Germans from Bistrita, Romania, to Auschwitz-Birkenau in April 1944. She and her 2 sisters, Ester and Chaya, were selected for forced labor; her parents, Salomon and Ita, and her brother, Shmaye, were selected for the gas chambers. The sisters were transferred to other camps in Poland, then, in September, 1944, to the factory in Germany. As the Allied forces neared, the prisoners were forced on a death march. They were liberated by the US Army near Fussen on April 29, 1945. Sari and her sisters were taken to Feldafing displaced persons camp.
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:18:16
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn516893
Also in George and Shari Fine collection
The collection consists of artifacts and documents related to the experience of Getzel Fingerhut (George Fine) in Dachau concentration camp and Sari Marmor (Fine) as a slave laborer in Poland during the Holocaust and in displaced persons camps and Canada after the war.
Pocketknife created by Getzel Fingerhut (George Fine), age 22, during his imprisonment in Kaufering X concentration camp, known as Dachau 10, where he worked repairing locomotives. The handle is repurposed from a screwdriver and the blade is handmade. He hid the knife under his pants, tied with string above his calf. In August 1941, George and his family were interned in the ghetto in Siauliai, Lithuania, by the Germans, after they occupied the area. George worked in a series of forced labor camps until July 1944, when the remaining Jews in the ghetto were deported to Stutthof concentration camp. George was able to stay with his father, Josef, and his brother, Eliahu, when they were transferred to Dachau in August. This camp was evacuated by death march in April 1945. The prisoners were used to shield the German guards from Allied bombers. They were liberated by US troops on April 30, near Wolfranhausen, in Bavaria, and re-settled in Feldafing displaced persons camp.
The papers consist of newspaper clippings concerning the establishment of the state of Israel including: "Fun Jidiszn Lebn" DP newspaper published in Munich, Germany, November 1946; "Yom Hamedina", the Day of the State, a joint publication of Israel's newspapers, May 14, 1948; "Forward", article about the first hanging in the Siauliai ghetto, June 13, 1955; Time magazine clipping about David Ben Gurion, dated 1955-1956; and a supplement to the New York Times celebrating the sixth anniversary of the state of Israel, May 16, 1954.