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Child’s white dress with embroidered flowers and hearts worn by a little girl while living in hiding

Object | Accession Number: 2005.175.5

Embroidered white dress worn by four year old Truusje Schoenfeld when she was a hidden child in German occupied Netherlands from 1943 to 1945. In May 1940, Amsterdam was occupied by Nazi Germany. In 1943, four year old Truusje and her parents, Walther and Margaretha, were ordered to report for deportation to a concentration camp. A neighbor, Mimi Grimberg da Silva Rosa, a German Protestant, who had hidden Truusje before, found them in the yard where they were being held and told the guard she had left something there. He let her in with her bike and as she went by the family, she picked Truusje up and put her in the basket, then rode out. She placed Truusje in hiding with a loving family outside Amsterdam, the De Bruins, who kept Truusje until the end of the war. Her parents were sent to Auschwitz extermination camp and killed. After the May 1945 liberation of the Netherlands, Mimi came and took Truusje away from the De Bruins. That summer, Truusje's maternal grandfather and uncle, Levi and Werner Katz, returned from Theresienstadt concentration camp. In November 1946, Truusje and her grandfather emigrated to the United States.Amsterdam was occupied by Nazi Germany in May 1940. By 1942, deportations of Jews to concentration camps were frequent and Truusje and her parents, Walther and Margaretha, were ordered to report for deportation in 1943. A neighbor, Mimi Grimberg da Silva Rosa, a German Protestant, rescued Truusje from the yard where they were being held and found her a hiding place with a couple outside of Amsterdam. Walther and Grete were sent to Westerbork internment camp, and then to Auschwitz, where they both were killed. After the Netherlands was liberated by the Canadian Army in May 1945, Truusje lived with Mimi until her maternal grandfather and uncle, Levi and Werner Katz, returned to Amsterdam from Theresienstadt concentration camp.

Date
approximately 1943-1945  (use)
Geography
use : Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Classification
Clothing and Dress
Object Type
Child's dress (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Trudy Katzer
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:06:50
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn517046