Issachar Ilan papers
The papers consist of 18 documents relating to the experiences of Issachar Ilan's family who lived in Switzerland as refugees during World War II.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Issachar Ilan
Record last modified: 2021-05-25 15:07:45
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn517346
Also in Meir Baum and Issachar Ilan collection
The collection consists of a drawing and documents relating to the experiences of Issachar Ilan and his brother, Meir Baum, during and after the Holocaust.
Drawing created by 15-year-old Otto (Meir) Baum depicitng the Chateau Montintin, a home for refugee children where Otto and his 16-year-old brother, Bernhard (Issachar Ilan), were placed in early 1943. Montinin was run by the Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants (OSE), [Children’s Aid Society], which was able to get the boys released from Les Milles internment camp in France because they were not yet 16. The Baum family, Erna and Leo, and their 2 sons, had been imprisoned because they were Jewish refugees from Germany. Before OSE would take custody of the boys, their parents had to give up all parental rights. The boys said their goodbyes and boarded a bus; it was the last time they would see their parents. Both Erna and Leo died in Auschwitz concentration camp. Bernhard became quite ill and was hidden with a peasant family for a while, though he later returned to Montintin. Otto was sent first to Majolier, then, in late 1943, was smuggled to Switzerland, where he had an aunt. Bernhard had to keep moving from place to place, but in April 1944, he managed to cross the border to safety in Switzerland. An uncle would find both boys after the war and offer to take them to the United States. However, in honor of their parents, who had been dedicated Zionists, they chose to emigrate to Palestine in September 1945.