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Stage design for the Łódź ghetto theater created by an inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2005.456.2

Theater set design created by 18 year old Pinchas Szwarc (Shaar) during his imprisonment in the Jewish ghetto in Łódź, Poland. He enjoyed the work, as "artistic activity and expression, as well as a means of maintaining the face of a "normal" humna benig." Shows were presented from 1940-1941. In February 1940, the Germans, who had occupied Poland in September 1939, established a ghetto for the Jews in Łódź, now named Litzmannstadt, and required the residents to perform forced labor. Pinchas, like other family members, first worked in a factory. When his artistic talents were discovered, he was employed producing signs and charts for the Statistical Office. In 1944, the Germans destroyed the ghetto and deported the inhabitants to concentration camps. Pinchas, with his father and brothers, was sent to Sachsenhausen, where they were slave laborers until the camp was liberated by the Soviet Army in 1945. The family returned to Łódź in May 1945. Pinchas could not bear to remain in the place where so much destruction had occurred and he left for Germany, and then settled in France.

Artwork Title
Stage Set Design with Menorah and Synagogue Doors
creation:  1940-1941
creation: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Judith M. Shaar
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:08:16
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