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Handmade white armband stamped for medical personnel worn by an inmate in Theresienstadt

Object | Accession Number: 2004.721.5

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    Handmade white armband stamped for medical personnel worn by an inmate in Theresienstadt

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Handmade white cloth armband presumably worn by an inmate at Theresienstadt ghetto/labor camp. It has a medical stamp and KZ. L Terezin handwritten on the center. The camp was run by the German SS but a Jewish Council of Elders organized municipal services, such as a health care system run by imprisoned doctors and nurses. Theresienstadt existed from November 24, 1941, until May 9, 1945, in the German controlled Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia in the former Czechoslovakia. Terezin operated as a transit camp and and ghetto/labor camp for Jews deported from the Greater German Reich. It was expected that many would die due to the poor conditions. Approximately 140,000 Jews were transported to Terezin: 90,000 were deported to almost certain death in the east beginning in early 1942. Around 33,000 prisoners died in Theresienstadt. The International Red Cross took over administration of the camp on May 2, 1945. The German commandant and guards fled on May 5 and 6 as the Soviet Army neared the camp.
    Date
    issue:  approximately 1944
    Geography
    use: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Language
    Czech
    Classification
    Identifying Artifacts
    Category
    Armbands
    Object Type
    Armbands (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Rectangular, discolored and slightly stained, white cloth armband double stitched together at the short ends. It has a narrow red border made from a separate folded strip of red and white striped cloth sewn to the interior. Czech text is hand printed across the front center in purple ink. A faded, circular stamp with Czech text and a caduceus, a medical symbol of a snake wrapped around a pole, is stamped right of center. A section of the border and band are separated at the top.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.625 inches (6.668 cm) | Width: 4.875 inches (12.383 cm)
    Materials
    overall : cloth, thread, ink
    Inscription
    Inscription: front, handwritten, purple ink : Kz. L. / TEREZIN
    front, around inner border of seal, stamped, green ink : SAMOSPRAVA BÝV. GHETA TEREZINA / ZDRAVOTNICTVI [LOCAL GOVERNMENT THERESIENSTADT / HEALTHCARE]

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The armband was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-09-12 09:00:29
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn517789

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