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Adolf Hitler bas-relief commemorative plaque aquired by a US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2006.258.11

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    Adolf Hitler bas-relief commemorative plaque aquired by a US soldier

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Officially sanctioned plaque of Adolf Hitler that belonged to Mark C. Levy, a US soldier with the 4th Armored Division and the Intelligence Corps. The plaque was commissioned and sold by Adolf Trumpf of Hannover, Germany, during the era of the Third Reich, 1933-1945. Lieutenant Levy was a tank commander, 4th Armored Division, Third Army, under General George S. Patton. This unit liberated Ohrdruf concentration camp in Germany on April 4, 1945, the first camp liberated by US troops. The war ended in May 1945 and around this time Levy transferred to the Intelligence Corps.
    Date
    manufacture:  approximately 1940
    Geography
    manufacture: Hannover (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Mark C. Levy
    Markings
    front, below image of Hitler, embossed: DIE VORAUSSETZUNG / ZUR TAT IST DER WILLE UND DER / MUT ZUR WAHRHAFTIGKEIT [The requirement is the will to act and the courage to be truthful]
    back, above image of Hitler, embossed : GENEHMIGTER * ALLEINVERKAUF / ADOLF * TRUMPF * HANNOVER [Only authorized seller / Adolf Trumpf in Hannover]
    back, below image of Hitler, embossed : ERSTE, VOM FÜHRER / UND DER REICHSLEITUNG / FÜR SEHR GUT BEFUNDENE, / NACH NATURSTUDIEN / GEARBEITETE PLAKETTE [indicates that the plaque and image have been officially approved]
    front, below image of Hitler beneath the back neck, embossed : MA
    Contributor
    Manufacturer: Adolph Trumpf
    Subject: Mark C. Levy
    Biography
    Mark C. Levy was born on January 1, 1926, to Esther and Nathan Levy in Pittsburgh, PA. They moved to Los Angeles in 1941. After his graduation from high school, Mark enlisted in the United States Army. Lieutenant Levy served as a tank commander in the 4th Armored Division which spearheaded the advance through to Germany of the Third Army under General George S. Patton. The division was deployed in France on July 13, 1944. On December 26, it relieved the 101st Airborne which had been trapped for days in Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge. The division crossed the Rhine into Germany in late March 1945. On April 4, they liberated Ohrdruf concentration camp, a subcamp of Buchenwald and the first concentration camp freed by US troops. The unit was in Czechoslovakia when the war ended in May. Mark then was transferred to the Intelligence Corps and was present at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials.

    Upon his return to the US, he entered UCLA. He married Peachy in 1949 and the couple would have three children. Mark had a successful career as a builder/developer. He was recalled to the army for the Korean War, 1950-1953. After his discharge, he re-entered the building business. He later collaborated on film projects, including a WWII film, Where Eagles Dare. Mark and Peachy were very involved with their synagogue, Leo Baeck Temple, where Mark was president, as well as the wider Jewish community where they were involved with multiple charities. He was a founder and member of Markon, a Jewish aid organization. Mark, 88, died on February 18, 2014.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Identifying Artifacts
    Category
    Plaques
    Physical Description
    Rectangular, bronze colored metal plaque with an embossed left profile of the head of Adolf Hitler. Beneath the profile, in relief, is a quote in German, with an embossed swastika centered below. The verso has the negative image of Hitler with German text above and below. There are 2 metal plugs on the back with wire inserted for a hook through the top. There is a maker’s mark on the front, below and to the right of the image.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 5.625 inches (14.288 cm) | Width: 3.750 inches (9.525 cm)
    Materials
    overall : metal

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The plaque was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2006 by Mark C. Levy.
    Record last modified:
    2022-08-15 10:23:26
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn518508

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