Tefillin and green velvet pouch used by a Polish Jewish survivor
Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland);
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Jewish ceremonial objects
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sylvia Rozines
Set of tefillin and a green velvet storage sack used by Isak Perelmuter. Tefillin are small boxes containing prayers worn by Jewish males during weekday morning services. After Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, Isak, his wife, Chaja, and daughters, Dora, 13, and Cywia, 6, were imprisoned in Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto. Isak delivered flour and the others worked in a bra and corset factory. There was never enough food and disease was widespread. The Germans destroyed the ghetto in the summer of 1944. Isak defied the deportation orders and the family hid until they managed to join the work detail retained to clean the area. One day, the men were ordered to dig large holes in the cemetery. Their fears that they were digging their own graves were confirmed by a German officer, who left their doors unlocked so they could escape. Isak and his family remained in hiding until Łódź was liberated by the Soviet Army in January 1945. Not long after the war ended in May, the family left Poland because of the continuing violent antisemitism. They lived in Schlachtensee, Foehrenwald, and then Bad Reichenhall displaced persons camps in Germany for about a year until making an illegal crossing into France where Chaja had a brother.
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:20
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn518527
Also in Isak Perelmuter family collection
The collection consists of tefillin and storage pouch, two prayer books, copy prints, documents, and photographs relating to the experiences of the Isak Perelmuter and David Rozines families in Łódź, Poland, before and during the Holocaust and in Bad Reichenhal displaced persons camp in Germany after the the end of World War II.
The Sylvia Rozines papers contains photographs of the Perlmuter family in Łódź, Poland before and after the war, circa 1926-1947. The papers also include an identification card for Sylvia Roznies (born Cywia Perelmuter in 1935) issued to her at the Bad-Reichenhal displaced persons camp (DP camp).