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Tefillin and green velvet pouch used by a Polish Jewish survivor

Object | Accession Number: 2006.285.4 a-c

Set of tefillin and a green velvet storage sack used by Isak Perelmuter. Tefillin are small boxes containing prayers worn by Jewish males during weekday morning services. After Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, Isak, his wife, Chaja, and daughters, Dora, 13, and Cywia, 6, were imprisoned in Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto. Isak delivered flour and the others worked in a bra and corset factory. There was never enough food and disease was widespread. The Germans destroyed the ghetto in the summer of 1944. Isak defied the deportation orders and the family hid until they managed to join the work detail retained to clean the area. One day, the men were ordered to dig large holes in the cemetery. Their fears that they were digging their own graves were confirmed by a German officer, who left their doors unlocked so they could escape. Isak and his family remained in hiding until Łódź was liberated by the Soviet Army in January 1945. Not long after the war ended in May, the family left Poland because of the continuing violent antisemitism. They lived in Schlachtensee, Foehrenwald, and then Bad Reichenhall displaced persons camps in Germany for about a year until making an illegal crossing into France where Chaja had a brother.

use:  1939-1945
use: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Tefillin (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sylvia Rozines
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:20
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