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Identification tag 136616 issued at Ebensee/Mauthausen concentration camp

Object | Accession Number: 2006.452.2

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    Identification tag 136616 issued at Ebensee/Mauthausen concentration camp

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Identification tag issued to 14 year old Emil Fekete, later Black, in Ebensee concentration camp, Austria. Emil, a Hungarian Jew, was imprisoned there in January 1945, after several months in Auschwitz and Wolfsberg concentration camps. While at Ebensee, he was a slave laborer for Siemens AG, constructing tunnels for underground factories. He was liberated by American troops on May 6, 1945.
    Date
    use:  1945 January-1945 May
    Geography
    use: Ebensee (Concentration camp); Ebensee (Austria)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Howard Black, Dr. Michael D. Black, and Lisa C. Lubinsky
    Contributor
    Subject: Emil Black
    Biography
    Emil Fekete, later Black, was born in Hungary, on October 1, 1930, to Herman Fekete and Cecelia Klein. From April 20 to May 20, 1944, Emil was imprisoned in Auschwitz concentration camp, then sent to Wolfsberg concentration camp, in Austria, where he stayed until January 15, 1945, as prisoner number 43577. He was transferred to Ebensee concentration camp, also in Austria, where he was assigned as forced labor for Siemens AG. He stayed at the blacksmith’s house, where he sometimes had food and ate snow. Emil worked for the “union” at the Steinbach Tunneltau, on a mountainside near Ebensee, from January 1945 to May 1945, as prisoner number 136616. He worked in building tunnels for future underground factories by loading stones into small railway cars. His supervisor was Herr Huntz and the Kapos were Nicholai Bowkowski and Herr Mikita. The Lager #10 boss was Herr Magnus. Emil was liberated by American troops on May 5, 1945. He lived in Bodrogkeresztur, Hungary, before he emigrated to Halifax, Canada, on December 20, 1948, aboard the ship Scythia. He moved to Montreal, Canada, where he met his wife and worked in the candy business. They had three children. Emil died in 2005, age 75.

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Identifying Artifacts
    Category
    Labels
    Object Type
    Name tags (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Silver-colored, metal, rectangular, identification tag with cut off, angled corners. There is a hole at each end where it was attached to a bracelet. The number, 136616, is stamped into the metal.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 0.625 inches (1.588 cm) | Width: 2.375 inches (6.032 cm)
    Materials
    overall : metal
    Inscription
    front center, stamped : 136616

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The identification tag was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2006 by Howard Black, Dr. Michael D. Black, and Lisa C. Lubinsky, the children of Emil Black.
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:11:17
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn518718

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