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Red crayon sketch of 4 females in heavy scarves created postwar by a Swiss Aid nurse and rescuer

Object | Accession Number: 2006.464.4

Red Conte crayon sketch created by Friedel Bohny-Reiter in 1989. It depicts a partial view of four females of varying age, with their heads wrapped in scarves, standing close together. It is based upon memories of the Rivesaltes internment camp in France where she worked from 1941-1942 as a nurse for Secours Suisse aux Enfants [Swiss Aid to Children]. She gave the drawing to Margot Schwarzschild Wicki who as a 10 year old child was interned in the camp. In 1940, Margot, her parents, Richard and Luisi,and 11 year old Hannelore, were deported to Gurs prison camp from Kaiserlautern, Germany. They were transferred to Rivesaltes and, in 1942, placed on a list of Jews to be deported to concentration camps in Poland. Friedel helped get them released. Luisi had saved a photo of her Catholic communion and she used it to prove that she was not Jewish. Men and women were housed separately and Richard was deported on September 4. Later that month, Friedel had Margot and her sister placed in a children’s home in Pringy and found a job for Luisi in another Secours Suisse home. After the war ended in May 1945, Luisi and the sisters moved to Switzerland. They learned that Richard had been killed in Auschwitz. Friedel and her husband, Alfred Bohny, were honored as Righteous among Nations by Yad Vashem for their work in rescuing hundreds of mostly Jewish children from deportation to concentration camps during the Holocaust.

Artwork Title
Group of Women and Children with Scarves
creation:  1989
depiction:  1942
depiction: Rivesaltes (Concentration camp); Rivesaltes (France)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Margot Schwarzschild Wicki
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:18:25
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