Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 1 mark note

Object | Accession Number: 2007.45.17

1 mark note receipt created in the Łódź ghetto and recovered from the ghetto by Malwina (Inka) Gerson and her parents, Dora and Gustav. When the Germans transferred Jews to the ghetto, they confiscated all currency in exchange for Quittungen [receipts] that could be spent only inside the ghetto. The scrip was designed by the Judenrat [Jewish Council] and includes traditional Jewish symbols. After the German occupation of Poland in 1939, 11 year old Inka and her family were forced into the Jewish ghetto in Łódź, which was renamed Litzmannstadt by the Germans. All ghetto inhabitants over the age of 10 had to work and Inka worked in a hat-making workshop. The Germans destroyed the ghetto in July 1944 and Inka's family was part of the work detail kept to clean up and salvage materials from the ghetto and to dig mass graves. The Allen family avoided the subsequent deportations to concentration camps and were still living in the ghetto when the city was liberated by the Russian Army in early 1945. The family left Poland for Bolivia in 1945.

issue:  1940 May 15
found:  approximately 1944 July
issue: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
found: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Malwina "Inka" Gerson Allen
Record last modified: 2023-05-31 12:50:14
This page: