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Fred Manasse collection

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2007.116.1

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    Fred Manasse collection

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    The collection primarily consists of photographs depicting the Holocaust-era experiences of Manfred Manasse (Fred), originally of Frankfurt am Main, Germany, including pre-war and wartime photographs of his parents Alfred and Trude Manasse and his sister Miriam, all of whom perished in the Holocaust. Other photographs include depictions of Fred and his brother Gustav in an orphanage in Lisbon, Portugal waiting to immigrate to the United States, having previously fled Germany on a Kindertransport. Documents include Fred’s immigration visa, affidavit in lieu of passport, and alien registration receipt card.
    inclusive:  1933-1945
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fred Manasse
    Collection Creator
    Fred Manasse
    Manfred Kurt Manasse (Fred) was born on 27 July 1935 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany to Alfred Manasse and Trude Lieblich Manasse. Alfred (1895-1942) was born in Thalheim, German to Gustav and Elise (née Mannheimer) Manasse, and his family worked as cattle farmers in Thalheim. He owned a small shoe factory in Offenbach, outside of Frankfurt. Trude (b. 1904) was born in Baden-Baden, Germany. Her family owned a hotel in Baden-Baden and some of her relatives lived in Strasbourg. Fred had one older brother, Gustav (b. 1931), and one younger sister, Miriam (b. 1937).

    Alfred’s brother Julius, his wife Hilda, and their son Kurt immigrated to the United States in the 1938, but as a leader in the Frankfurt Jewish community, he was reluctant to leave. During Kristallnacht, the Manasse’s witnessed their synagogue burn down, and Alfred was briefly imprisoned at Buchenwald. After Kristallnacht, Alfred began planning to emigrate, and he arranged for Fred and Gustav to go on a Kindertransport to Belgium. They stayed in a children’s home in Brussels. Trude refused to leave Germany, and remained in Frankfurt with Miriam and Alfred’s mother while Alfred left Germany aboard the MS. St. Louis in May 1939. After Cuba denied entry to the passengers of the ship and the St. Louis was forced to return to Europe, Alfred disembarked in Belgium so that he could be near his sons. He hoped his wife and daughter would be able to join them in Brussels, but after the start of World War I in September they were unable to leave Germany.

    On 10 May 1940 Germany invaded Belgium. Fred and Gustav went on a children's convoy to France and eventually arrived at the Chateau de la Hille, which was under the protection of the Swiss Red Cross. Alfred was deported to the Gurs internment camp. While in Gurs he reunited with Trude's father Philip Lieblisch and his sister and brother-in-law Liesl and Theodor Rosenthal. On one occasion Fred and Gustav were able to briefly visit their father in the camp. In August 1942 Alfred was deported to the Drancy internment camp and then to Auschwitz where he perished. Theodore was a trained chef and was working as the cook, so he and the rest of the family were spared from deportation and remained at Gurs until liberation in 1944.

    In 1944 Fred and Gustav left France on a children's transport to the United States. Before arriving in the United States they spent two months Barcelona, Spain and six months in an orphanage in Lisbon, Portugal. They then sailed to the United States aboard the SS Serpa Pinto in December 1944. They arrived in Philadelphia on 10 January 10 1945 and then took a train to New York where they were met by their first cousin, Kurt Manasse. Fred’s uncle Julius Manasse sponsored their immigration, but they did not live with him, and instead spent the next few years in foster homes. Fred studied to become an electrical engineer, and later in life he became a sculptor.

    Trude and Miriam were likely deported to Theresienstadt and then Auschwitz where they perished.

    Physical Details

    English French
    1 folder
    System of Arrangement
    The collection is arranged as a single series.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The collection was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2007 by Fred Manasse.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 14:18:10
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