Two pieces of mica from a forced laborer in a glimmer factory [mica]
Theresienstadt (Concentration camp);
Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ruth Gabriele Silten
Mica flakes from the glimmer [mica] factory near Theresienstadt where Ilse Silten was forced to work. The work of splitting the mineral mica into flakes created a dust that caused lung diseases among the workers. In 1939, Ilse, her husband, Fritz, and 10 year old daughter Ruth, fled Berlin for Amsterdam. Not long after Germany occupied Amsterdam in 1940, the family was sent to Westerbork transit camp. In January 1944, they were deported to Theresienstadt labor/ghetto camp in Czechoslovakia. The Germans abandoned Theresienstadt in May 1945. Ilse and her family returned to Amsterdam. She died in February 1977 from lung disease contracted while working in the factory.
Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:26:44
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn519060
Also in Fritz and Ilse Silten collection
The collection consists of artifacts and documents relating to the experiences of Fritz and Ilse Silten and their family and friends in the Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in Czechoslovakia during the Holocaust.
Ghetto watch cap that belonged to Fritz Joseph, an inmate at Theresienstadt ghetto/labor camp who worked as a policeman there in 1944. Fritz and his wife, Betty, were deported from the Netherlands to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in July 1943. At the end of the year, they were sent to Theresienstadt. Then, at the end of 1944, they were transported to Auschwitz. Fritz was next sent to Meuselwitz labor camp where he was liberated by US troops on May 7, 1945. He was reunited with Betty and they returned to the Netherlands.
Drawing of a church in Terezin created on October 22, 1943, by Frantizek Zelenka, an inmate at Theresienstadt concentration camp. He gave the drawing to a fellow inmate, Fritz Silten. Frantizek was a scene painter for the camp’s theater and was forced to create art for the Germans at the camp. Works such as this drawing often were done by the artists in secret. Frantizek was an established theater designer when he was deported to Theresienstadt from Prague, Czechoslovakia. He eventually was sent to Auschwitz and died in the gas chamber on October 19, 1944.
Unpublished manuscript in German by Fritz Joseph and another unpublished manuscript in German by Hoffman entitled"To Auschwitz December 1943" with accompanying translation by Gabriele Silten. Also, group of copies of family documents and notes written by Ruth Gabriele Silten [donor].