Leather billfold used by a German Jewish refugee from Nazi Germany to Canada
1939 May 31
Carried dress accessories
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jacob G. Wiener
Billfold owned by Josef Zwienicki at the time of his emigration from Germany in 1939. Josef, his wife, and four children lived in Bremen as the Nazis rose to power. It was a predominantly non-Jewish city and there was popular support for increasingly punitive restrictions enacted against the Jewish population. On Kristallnacht in November 9-10, 1938, his wife, Selma, was shot and killed in their home by rioters. Josef appealed for help from relatives abroad. A cousin in Canada arranged for Josef and his four children, Avraham, Gerd (Jacob), Benno, and Liesel, to come to Canada as refugees. They left Germany by ship on May 31, 1939.
Record last modified: 2019-12-05 20:47:51
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn519075
Also in Jacob G. Wiener collection
The collection consists of artifacts, a book, documents, and photographs relating to the experiences of Jacob Wiener and his family, the Zwienickis, in Germany before World War II and in Canada and the United States before, during, and after the war.
Collection of photographs, documents and modern color photographs that relate to the donor's experiences during the Holocaust.
Book: titled,"Jahrbuch fur Die Judischen Gemeinden- Nr. 6, 5695, 1934/1935". Cover damaged and taped together