Leather billfold used by a German Jewish refugee from Nazi Germany to Canada
1939 May 31
Carried dress accessories
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jacob G. Wiener
Billfold owned by Josef Zwienicki at the time of his emigration from Germany in 1939. Josef, his wife, and four children lived in Bremen as the Nazis rose to power. It was a predominantly non-Jewish city and there was popular support for increasingly punitive restrictions enacted against the Jewish population. On Kristallnacht in November 9-10, 1938, his wife, Selma, was shot and killed in their home by rioters. Josef appealed for help from relatives abroad. A cousin in Canada arranged for Josef and his four children, Avraham, Gerd (Jacob), Benno, and Liesel, to come to Canada as refugees. They left Germany by ship on May 31, 1939.
Record last modified: 2022-04-04 07:45:42
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn519075
Also in Jacob G. Wiener collection
The collection consists of artifacts, a book, documents, and photographs relating to the experiences of Jacob Wiener and his family, the Zwienickis, in Germany before World War II and in Canada and the United States before, during, and after the war. Some of these materials may be combined into a single collection in the future.
Consists of a blank business form and envelope from the business of Josef Swinizki.
Consists of 23 pre-war and wartime photographs of members of the family of Rabbi Jacob Wiener [Gerd Zwienicki] in Germany. Included are class photographs of the yeshiva of Rabbi Breuer in Frankfurt in the 1930s.
The papers relate to Gerd Zwienicki [donor], his father, Josef Zwienicki, and his life in Germany before the Holocaust. Included in the collection are documents, correspondence, term papers, notebooks and a speech relating to a Jewish school in Bremen, Germany, where Gerd Zwienicki was the principal and director.
The papers consist of letters received by the Zwienicki family [donor's family] in Nazi Germany and following the Holocaust.
Collection consists of documents, photographs, a wallet, and photocopies of documents pertaining to donor and family during and after the war.
Collection of photographs, documents and modern color photographs that relate to the donor's experiences during the Holocaust.
Book: titled, "Jahrbuch fur Die Judischen Gemeinden- Nr. 6, 5695, 1934/1935." Cover damaged and taped together
Collection of documents including war ration books and identification papers issued to Gerd Zwienicki (previous name of Rabbi Jacob G. Wiener) by the United States Government after his arrival in the United States after his escape from Nazi occupied Europe.
Consists of pre and post-war documents, pamphlets, correspondence, and photographs of Jacob Wiener (born Gerd Zwienicki) and his family's experiences from 1936-1948. Included in this collection is his copy of a 1942 pamphlet on "Questions and Answers on Regulations Concerning Aliens of Enemy Nationalities" from the U.S. Department of Justice; Josef Zwienicki's (Jacob's father) 1916 driver's license; a 1948 marriage certificate issued to Gerd Zwienicki and Gertrud Farntrog (Jacob's wife); correspondence from Selma Stiefel Zwienicki (Jacob's mother), dated 1937-1938; correspondence from Jacob to the National Society for the Establishment of Torah Schools, dated 1946-1950; and a book review by Jacob on the "Hagenbach" protocol. The photographs include a portrait picture of Gerd (June 1940); a portrait picture of Martin Farntrog (undated); two photographs of Gerd and Gertrud's wedding in New York City (May 9,1948); two photographs of the Rabbinical College in Baltimore, Maryland (1940-1941); and a photograph of an unknown building (1942).