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Leather billfold used by a German Jewish refugee from Nazi Germany to Canada

Object | Accession Number: 2007.196.3

Billfold owned by Josef Zwienicki at the time of his emigration from Germany in 1939. Josef, his wife, and four children lived in Bremen as the Nazis rose to power. It was a predominantly non-Jewish city and there was popular support for increasingly punitive restrictions enacted against the Jewish population. On Kristallnacht in November 9-10, 1938, his wife, Selma, was shot and killed in their home by rioters. Josef appealed for help from relatives abroad. A cousin in Canada arranged for Josef and his four children, Avraham, Gerd (Jacob), Benno, and Liesel, to come to Canada as refugees. They left Germany by ship on May 31, 1939.

emigration:  1939 May 31
acquired: Bremen (Germany)
Dress Accessories
Object Type
Billfolds (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jacob G. Wiener
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:11:30
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