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Drawing of trees, vegetation and buildings at Dachau concentration camp made by a recently liberated inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2007.271.3

Drawing of Dachau concentration camp created by Fred Rudkowski, a former prisoner. It depicts several tall pine trees, a street, and buildings. The three story building had formerly housed the German SS unit and now was used to house hospital personnel; the one story building became a patient unit. When he left the camp n July 1945, Rudkowski entrusted the drawing to one of his nurses, Irene Halmi, in the US Army hospital where he had recovered from the inhumane conditions he endured as an inmate. Halmi thought the drawing significant because of what it did not show – the barbed wire behind the tall pine trees which hid the prison status of the camp. Dachau was liberated by US troops on April 29, 1945. Lieutenant Halmi was a nurse in the 127th Evacuation Hospital which arrived in Dachau on May 2, 1945, soon after its liberation on April 29 by American troops.

Artwork Title
US Hospital Buildings at Dachau post-liberation
creation:  1945 May 06
received:  1945 July
creation: Dachau (Concentration camp); Dachau (Germany)
Object Type
Pencil drawing (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Irene Halmi
Record last modified: 2022-04-28 15:33:29
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