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Arnold Joseph collection

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0234

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    Arnold Joseph collection

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    The Arnold Joseph collection consists of correspondence to and from defendants at the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal, which Joseph acquired during his military service as a censor. Incoming correspondence from the general public comes from the so‐called “201 file” of letters not to be delivered to the defendants so as not to upset them. It includes a mixture of praise and good wishes for the defendants as well as insults and invectives, and some correspondence includes prayers, poems, and songs. At least one letter is from a former German soldier, another is from a former political prisoner, one is signed “an unknown German,” and another “the whole German people.” In addition to letters to defendants, there are two letters to Hans Bernd Gisevius, who served as a witness for the prosecution, and a postcard to Pastor Martin Niemöller. Some of the envelopes bear Arnold Joseph’s censor stamp: “Censored & Passed Arnold Joseph Censor IMT.”
    inclusive:  1939-1946
    bulk:  1946
    Collection Creator
    Arnold Joseph Ph.D.
    Arnold Joseph was born in 1927 in Saarbrucken, Germany, to Ferdinand and Elsa Joseph. He immigrated to the United States in 1938 with his mother, stepfather Sydney Hanau, and brother Gary (Gert) and lived in the Bronx. He was drafted into the United States Army in the summer of 1945, assigned as technical sergeant to security at the International Military Tribunal, and served in Nuremberg from January to October 1946. His task was censoring letters exchanged between the defendants and their family members and letters to the defendants from the general public. The head of his unit was Colonel Andrews, and his direct supervisor was Lieutenant Tex Wheelis.

    Physical Details

    German English
    2 boxes
    System of Arrangement
    The Arnold Joseph collection is arranged as three series: I. Incoming correspondence from public, 1939-1946 (bulk 1946), II. Incoming correspondence from family, RESTRICTED, 1946, III. Outgoing correspondence, RESTRICTED, 1945-1946

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    Series I (Box 1) may be used by researchers, but Series II and III (Box 2) cannot be released until the Museum is contacted by the donor's estate that the donor is deceased
    Conditions on Use
    The donor, source institution, or a third party has asserted copyright over some or all of the material(s) in this collection. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Nuremberg (Germany)

    Administrative Notes

    Arnold Joseph donated the Arnold Joseph collection to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1999.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 14:19:33
    This page:

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