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Shirt taken from an SS storeroom at a concentration camp by a Hungarian Jewish inmate and worn after liberation

Object | Accession Number: 2002.175.1

Men’s long-sleeved shirt taken from an SS storeroom at Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria, by Steven (István) Vogel and worn for two days after liberation on May 5, 1945. Steven, an only child, grew up in Budapest, Hungary, with his parents Edmond and Vilma. In September 1939, during Steven’s last year of high school, Germany began World War II by invading Poland. In November 1940, Hungary officially joined the Axis alliance and began fighting alongside Germany. Initially, the alliance had little impact on Steven’s life, and he began law school in 1941. In February 1944, his father, Edmond, passed away due to kidney disease. On March 19, German forces occupied Hungary because the nation had tried to negotiate an armistice with the Allies. Steven and his mother were arrested on May 23, and taken to Gestapo headquarters. Steven and Vilma were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland. Upon their arrival, Vilma was sent to the gas chambers and murdered. Steven was initially selected for forced labor at a coal mine, and then later at a Volkswagen factory. In April 1945, as the Red Army advanced on the region, the factory complex was evacuated. Steven was sent on a forced march through the snow and ice for several days before being put on a train to Mauthausen. Shortly after his arrival, the camp was liberated by American troops. After liberation Steven made his way to Switzerland, before immigrating to the United States on November 3, 1945.

Date
use:  1945 May 05-1945 May 07
Geography
acquired: Mauthausen (Concentration Camp); Mauthausen (Austria)
use: Austria.
Classification
Clothing and Dress
Category
Men's clothing
Object Type
Shirts, Men's (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Shirts.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of James Vogel
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn520183