Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Our Lady of Czestochowa holy card received by a young Jewish girl living in hiding as a Catholic in Poland

Object | Accession Number: 2002.441.4

Holy card acquired by 6 year old Zofia (Selma) Scharzwald in May 1943 when she was living in hiding with her mother as a Polish Catholic under the name Zofia Tymejko. She received the card during a trip to Czestochowa, Poland, when she visited the church at Jasna Góra (Klasztor Paulinów). The trip was organized by her mother's employer, the Regional Agricultural Cooperative in Busko Zdroj. Zofia and her mother, Laura, escaped from the ghetto in German occupied Lvov, Poland (Lviv, Ukraine) after her father was shot by the Gestapo in 1942. They adopted false identities as Catholics and lived briefly in Krakow, then moved to Busko Zdroj. Selma attended Catholic school and had her First Communion after the city was liberated by the Soviet Army in January 1945. They emigrated to England in 1948 after there were violent anti-Jewish riots in the area. That was when Zofia learned that she was Jewish; news that shocked her after her upbringing in an antisemitic environment where she had been taught to hate Jews.

received:  1943 May
Object Type
Holy cards (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sophie Turner-Zaretsky
Record last modified: 2023-04-06 09:13:05
This page: