Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:29:31
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Self-portrait of Moritz Schönberger created in Camp Les Milles in France.
The Schönberger family papers consist of biographical materials, correspondence, immigration files, photographic materials, printed materials, and French internment camp songs documenting the Schönberger family of Vienna; Helene and Bianka Schönberger’s immigratin to the United States aboard the Hansa in March 1939; and Moritz Schönberger’s voyage aboard the St. Louis, return to Europe, internment in French concentration camps, and immigration to the United States in 1942. Biographical materials include identification papers, birth certificates, and school, employment, medical and military records documenting the Schönberger family. Correspondence consists of a postcard from the St. Louis and a letter Moritz Schönberger wrote his family from Les Milles. Immigration files include telegrams from Moritz Schönberger aboard the St. Louis and in French internment camps; MS St. Louis travel documents; correspondence with the American Consulate in Marseille, the State Department, and the Department of Immigration and Naturalization; affidavits; money orders; and a menu from the Hansa. Photographic materials include Moritz Schönberger’s photograph album from aboard the St. Louis, a large Schönberger family photograph album, and loose photographs of the Schönberger family and examples of Schönberger’s advertisement work. Printed materials consist of and 1939 and 1967 articles about the St. Louis and 1948 and 1949 advertisements for Schönberger’s sign studio business. Songs consist of lyrics to St. Cyprien camp songs “Ich kann sie nicht sehen, die Pyreneen” and “Kamaraden” as well as to Hans Heimler’s “Die Erfüllung.” Poetry consists of a Christmas poem written at Gurs, a poem of welcome, and a poetry book full of little poems and autographs from friends, teachers, and family members.
Miniature Melograph record made by Bianka Schönberger on May 8, 1928. Bianka and her parents, Moritz and Helene, were passengers aboard the MS St. Louis. He sought asylum in France where he was interned in Gurs, St. Cyprien, and Les Milles. He and his family had emigrated to the United States by 1943