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Object | Accession Number: 1988.8.2

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    Brief Narrative
    Reprint of a pamphlet on the liberation of Gunskirchen concentration camp owned by Captain Horace S. Berry, a member of the liberating 71st Infantry Division, US Army. The pamphlet was originally published in 1945 by the men of the 71st and describes Gunskirchen, a subcamp of Mauthausen, in Austria upon liberation by the unit on May 4, 1945. Berry, then 25, was captain of "K" Company, 71st. Infantry. Berry also donated an original watercolor by Private Norman Nichols, painted in VE Day and used as an illustration in the pamphlet, see record 1988.8.1.
    Seventy-first came -- to Gunskirchen Lager
    Alternate Title
    71st came-- to Gunskirchen Lager
    Series Title
    Witness to the Holocaust" series ; no. 1.
    publication/distribution:  1979
    publication: Atlanta (Ga.)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Horace S. Berry
    Author: United States Army, 71st Infantry Division
    Publisher: Emory University
    Artist: Norman Nichols
    Subject: Horace S. Berry
    Norman Nichols was from Detroit, Michigan, He was attending art school when he was inducted into the United States Army. He was assigned to Company "K", 5th regiment, 71st Infantry Division. On May 4, 1945, his unit liberated Gunskirchen concentration camp, a subcamp of Mauthausen, near Lambach in Upper Austria. Company "K", under the command of Captain Horace S. Berry, was tasked with the clean up of the camp. Nichols, because of his art background, was placed on a roving assignment by Major General Willard G. Wyman, commanding general of the 71st. His job was to record in paintings accurate depictions of the atrocities encountered at the camp. Many of his artworks were used to illustrate a pamphlet the soldiers of the unit created around this time, Seventy-first came -- to Gunskirchen Lager.
    Horace S. Berry was born in 1920 in Greer, South Carolina. Captain Berry was the commanding officer of "K" company, 5th regiment, 71st Infantry Division, United States Army. On May 4, 1945, the 71st liberated Gunskirchen concentration camp, a subcamp of Mauthausen, near Lambach in Upper Austria. Company "K" was tasked with the clean up of the camp. Berry supervised the transfer of ill and dying inmates to hospitals. Captured German soldiers or guards were made to carry the inmates from the huts on the woods to trucks for transport. Berry also arranged for the burial of the dead inmates. One detail of German soldiers would carry and arrange the corpses in a clearing, while another detail dug the mass graves.

    Physical Details

    Object Type
    Pamphlets (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Pamphlet; 28 p. : illustrations ; 21 cm.
    Reprint of 1945 edition printed by men of the 71st Division

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The pamphlet was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1988 by Horace S. Berry.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 17:20:32
    This page:

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