Concentration camp uniform jacket worn by a Polish Jewish inmate
1944 May 03-1945 May
Oranienburg (Concentration camp);
use: Flossenbürg (Concentration camp); Flossenbürg (Germany)
use: Regensburg (Concentration camp); Regensburg (Germany)
Clothing and Dress
Concentration camp uniforms
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Helen and William Luksenburg
Blue and gray striped winter weight jacket issued to Welek Luksenburg, 21, in Oranienburg concentration camp in January 1945, and also worn in Flossenbürg and Regensburg concentration camps. It is worn through at the neck from the pressure of the ropes used to haul rocks as a slave laborer. In April 1945, Welek collapsed during a death march and was rescued by a German farmer. As American troops moved through the area, a soldier approached Welek with a razor saying, "A souvenir" and removed his Star of David and prisoner number 187295 patch. A red triangle was also removed. The soldiers took Welek, then 65 pounds, to an army hospital to recover. He later returned for the jacket, which he had been told to bury to avoid spreading infection. Welek retrieved it because he wanted evidence to show people what had happened during the Holocaust. This jacket, a pair of pants, and wooden shoes were all he had to keep him warm for months. William was from Dabrowa Gornicza in Poland which was occupied by Germany in September 1939. Welek, his parents, and brother Szlomo were sent to the Jewish ghetto by 1941. In 1942, his parents Rozalia and Simcha were deported and killed in Auschwitz-Birkenau. Welek got Szlomo released from a labor camp hospital and escaped a prison camp to care for him. When Welek was arrested, Szlomo was sent to Auschwitz and killed. In 1943, Welek was deported to Blechhammer, then Gleiwitz slave labor camps. In January 1945, Gleiwitz was evacuated and the prisoners sent to Oranienburg. William was transferred to Flossenbürg, then Regensburg. After his recovery in the US Army hospital, he worked in the camp. While in Gleiwitz, he had become close to a young woman, Hinde (Helen) Chilewicz. When Gleiwitz was evacuated, Hinde was sent to Ravensbrueck and was liberated during a death march by Soviet forces in May 1945. She returned to Sosnowiec to search for family and learned that they had been killed in the camps. She left for Czechoslovakia, then Germany. Helen and William were reunited in October 1945. They married in Weiden displaced persons camp on March 2, 1947. The couple emigrated to the US in 1949.
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:10:09
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn521305
Also in Helen and William Luksenburg collection
The collection consists of a concentration camp uniform jacket relating to the experiences of Welek (William) Luksenburg during the Holocaust when he was imprisoned in several concentration camps and two photographs relating to the experiences of Welek Luksenburg and of Hilde (Helen) Chilewicz in prewar Poland.
The William and Helen Luksenburg photograph collection consists of pre-war, wartime, and post-war photographs of relatives of the Luksenburg and Chilewicz families in Poland. The photograph collection includes images of both Holocaust victims and survivors. The pre-war family photographs were taken in Da̧browa Górnicza and Sosnowiec, Poland. The wartime photographs were taken in Sosnowiec, Poland and feature members of the Hanoar Hatzioni Zionist Youth Movement. Additional wartime photographs include young Jewish women in the Sosnowiec ghetto wearing armbands with the Star of David. The post-war pictures include family photographs taken in Bayreuth, Germany; the opening of the Zettlitz hachshara near Weiden, Germany presided over by US Army Chaplain Saul Shapiro, 1945; weddings held at the Kibuc Zetlice in Germany, 1945; images of a memorial ceremony held at the Flossenbürg concentration camp, 1946; a Passover Seder at the home of Mary Ganzweich in Bayreuth, Germany, 1946; groups of people at the displaces persons camp in Weiden in der Oberpfalz, Germany; the wedding of Hinda Chilewicz and Welek Luksenburg in the Weiden displaced persons' camp on March 2, 1947; and William and Helen Luksenburg aboard a ship on their way to America, 1949.