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Pollak family papers

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 2000.555.1

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    The Pollak family papers consists of civil documents, diplomas, photographs and memorial albums relating to the Pollak family of Liptovsky Svaty Mikulaš, Czechoslovakia before, during, and after the war. Also included are images of Albert Pollak and other Slovakian Jews performing forced labor in a Slovak Labor Battalion in Svety Jan, Czechoslovakia, circa 1940-41.
    inclusive:  1909-1951
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Vera Markbreit
    Collection Creator
    Vera Markbreit
    Vera Pollak Markbreit was born on March 19, 1932 in Liptovsky Svaty Mikulaš, Czechoslovakia. She is the youngest daughter of Valeria Kuffler Pollak and Albert (Bela Vojtech) Pollak. The oldest of the Pollak children is Rudolf Pollak, b. 1923, Albert’s son from his first marriage to Ilona Farkas, the second son: Pavel Uri Pollak was born in October 1934. Albert Pollak owned a hardware and sports store in town. On March 14, 1939 Slovakia became a separate state under the leadership of Jozef Tiso. In the summer of 1941anti-Jewish legislation was introduced and Jews were not allowed to own businesses. Albert Pollak found an “Aryanizer” who became the official storeowner, but in fact Albert continued to manage his store. The Pollak family lived in relative comfort until the “Slovak National Uprising” and the German occupation of the region. Albert prepared a hiding place in the forest for his wife and two younger children. The hopes for a quick liberation by the Soviets were not realized and as winter approached, Albert rented a room in a nearby village. Albert was arrested and Valeria Pollak sent her two children Paul, who was 9 years old and Vera, who was 11 years old, to a hiding place together with their older half-brother Rudolf. Valeria herself hid in the mountains. Liptovsky Svaty Mikulaš was liberated in April 1945 and the children were reunited with their mother, who in the meantime reopened the family store. Albert Pollak survived Sachsenhausen concentration camp and a two-week long death march to Lübeck and returned to his hometown. The communists won the elections in 1948 and the Pollak business was confiscated. The family decided to immigrate to Israel and settled in Azor. Albert opened a store, which is till today in the family. Albert Pollak died in 1961; his wife Valeria died in 1992. Vera Pollak married Istvan Moshe Markbreit; they have two sons: Eitan and Dani and six grandchildren: Hadas, Ayelet, Tami, Oren, David and Yael. Moshe Markbreit died in 1998; Vera Markbreit resides in Azor, Israel.

    Physical Details

    3 folders
    1 oversize folder
    System of Arrangement
    The Pollak family papers is arranged in a single series.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Vera Markbreit donated the Pollak family papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2000.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 14:20:47
    This page:

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