Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Deutches Rotes Kreuz [German Red Cross] flag with a black eagle with a swastika and a red cross on a white field

Object | Accession Number: 2004.299.1

Very large Deutches Rotes Kreuz [DRK; German Red Cross] flag with a Reichsadler, a black Imperial eagle, with a white Swastika on its chest and a red cross in its talons, displayed upon a white field. After Hitler's appointment as Chancellor in January 1933, the Nazi Party began to reshape the private charity sector. By July 1933, the DRK was one of only four non-state aid organizations left in Germany. Its new president was a Nazi Party official, Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. In December 1937, the DRK became a unit of the Nazi Party and, the next year, it became a Social Work Organization within the Ministry of the Interior. It had no relationship with the International Red Cross during this time. It was an active aid organization, helping German soldiers in the field and operating recovery hospitals. The DRK was disbanded after the war in 1945 pursuant to denazification decrees. Charles Edward was imprisoned, his estates were confiscated, and he was bankrupted by the steep denazification fines.

Date
approximately 1938-1945  (use)
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Flags
Object Type
Flags (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the New York State Military Museum
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:23:31
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn521597