Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Drawing of four defense lawyers created during the Trial of German Major War Criminals at Nuremberg

Object | Accession Number: 2003.435.4 a-b

Ink drawing of the German defense counsel wearing headsets seated at their table created by 24 year-old Edward Vebell, illustrator and US soldier, from the press gallery during the first months of the 1945 Trial of German Major War Criminals before the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany. Ed sat in the gallery for three days and used field glasses to capture the details of the defendant's faces. He had no water, so he had to use spit to create the halftones that add detail and nuance. Ed did 90% of his drawing in the courtroom, seeking to bring intimacy to the historical proceedings. The sketches were published in the US Army newspaper Stars and Stripes on December 9, 1945. The Waterman fountain pen he used for the drawings is record 2005.426.1. Ed was drafted into the US Army in 1942, and was the first staff illustrator for Stars and Stripes. His other assignments included combat zones in Italy and France. Soon after the defeat of Nazi Germany on May 7 in western Europe and May 9, 1945, in eastern Europe, the Allies: Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, and the United States convened an International Military Tribunal (IMT) at Nuremberg, Germany. Its purpose was to seek justice for crimes against humanity, evidenced by the Holocaust, perpetrated by Nazi Germany. In October 1945, the IMT formally indicted the Nuremberg defendants on four counts: crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit these crimes. The verdicts were delivered on October 1, 1946. Twelve defendants were sentenced to death; three to life imprisonment; four to prison terms ranging from 10-20 years; three were acquitted.

Artwork Title
German Defense Counsel, Nuremberg War Crimes Trials, 1945
creation:  after 1945 November 20-before 1945 December 09
publication/distribution:  1945 December 09
creation: courtroom, Trial of German Major War Criminals; Nuremberg (Germany)
Object Type
Courtroom art (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sheila C. Johnson
Record last modified: 2022-09-09 11:27:46
This page: