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Pencil portrait sketch of a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2004.380.1

Portrait sketch of Kurt Singer saved by his daughter, Margot. It was drawn by Clara Asscher-Pinkhof in 1942 in Amsterdam when he lived there as a refugee from Nazi Germany. Singer was a neurologist and the Director of the Berlin Opera. Soon after the Nazis came to power in 1933, he lost his position at the Opera due to a law that ousted Jewish civil servants from public positions. In May, he co-founded the Judische Kulturbund, a Jewish cultural organization. In 1938, his daughter, Margot, left for Switzerland, and in 1940, to Palestine. That October, Kurt left for a one year appointment at Harvard University. His sister pleaded with him to stay in the US, but he did not have a permanent visa and left for Berlin via the Netherlands in October 1939. He was warned not to return to Germany and stayed in Amsterdam. In May 1940, Germany occupied Holland. On April 20, 1943, Kurt was deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp where he died from pneumonia on February 7, 1944. Asscher-Pinkhof was deported to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp on January 11, 1944, and then sent to Palestine in July as part of a prisoner exchange.

Artwork Title
Portrait of Kurt Singer
creation:  1942
creation: Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Margalit Wachsman
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:17:25
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