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Double sided drawing of three camp inmates by a Polish Jewish inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2003.462.18

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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Two sided drawing of 3 seated men, a field, and a town drawn by Fiszel Zber at Beaune-Le-Rolande internment camp in France where he was imprisoned from 1941-1942. Nazi Germany invaded France in May 1940. After the June armistice, the Germans occupied the north and western regions. In 1941, the Germans began rounding up Jewish residents who were not born in France. Zber, an artist specializing in woodcuts, was born in Poland. He was arrested as a foreign born Jew in 1941 and interned in Beaune-le-Rolande. While there, he drew scenes of the camp and the daily activities of the inmates. In 1942, the Germans began to deport foreign born Jews to concentration camps in the east. Zber was deported to Auschwitz where he was killed, age 33, on Oct. 26, 1942.
    Artwork Title
    Three Seated Men, Beaune-la-Rolande, 1941
    Date
    creation:  1941
    depiction:  1941
    Geography
    creation: Beaune-la-Rolande (Concentration camp); Beaune-la-Rolande (France)
    depiction: Beaune-la-Rolande (Concentration camp); Beaune-la-Rolande (France)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
    Signature
    front, left, pencil : Camp 1941 / Zber
    Contributor
    Artist: F. (Fiszl) Zber
    Subject: F. (Fiszl) Zber
    Biography
    Fiszel Zylberberg-Zber was a Jewish artist born in Plock, Poland, on June 23, 1909. By the 1930s, he was living in France and established as an artist, especially known for his woodcuts. In May 1940, Nazi Germany invaded France. An armistice was signed in June. Germany occupief the northern and western regions. In 1941, the German began arresting and interning foreign born Jews. Zber was detained around this time. He was sent to Beaune-la-Rolande internment camp. In 1942, the German began deporting the inmates to concentration camps in the east. Zber was deported on Convoy 6 to Auschwitz concentration camp in German occupied Poland where he was killed on October 26, 1942, at the age of 33.

    Physical Details

    Language
    French
    Classification
    Art
    Category
    Drawings
    Physical Description
    Two small sketches in pencil on thick paper divided by a line across the center. On top is a close up view of 3 men in hats and coats sitting on a bench with crossed legs. The 2 men on left face each other in conversation, while the man on right looks away. On the bottom, is a panoramic view of lined fields with a few scattered trees. On the distant horizon are tiny farmhouses and utility poles under a shaded sky with outlined clouds. It is signed and dated on left. The back has a faint sketch of a figure walking on a street lined with tall poles, with a tall steeple rising above overlapping buildings in the background.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 6.625 inches (16.828 cm) | Width: 4.000 inches (10.16 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, graphite

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The drawing was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-07-24 13:20:53
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn522027

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