Thcitchcik family photograph collection
The collection of 44 photographs documenting the experiences of the Thcitchcik family in Plovdiv, Bulgaria before, during, and immediately after World War II.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Emanuel Thcitchcik Zafrir
Record last modified: 2021-05-25 15:07:08
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn522040
Also in Emanuel Thcitchcik Zafrir family collection
The collection consists of a blanket and photographs relating to the experiences of Emanuel Thcitchcik (later Zafrir) and his family in Plovdiv, Bulgaria, before, during, and after World War II.
Crocheted blanket made by Gisella Thcitchcik in Plovdiv, Bulgaria, where she lived with her husband, David, and two sons, Emanuel and Yitzhak. The blanket was made from cotton thread salvaged from disassembled items during the war when they lived in the shelter and needed blankets. During the 1930s, the Bulgarian government of Tsar Boris III was closely aligned with Nazi Germany. In July 1940, legislation was enacted to persecute Jews. In May 1941, Bulgaria joined Germany in the Axis Alliance. In March 1943, Bulgaria began deporting its Jews to German concentration camps, but ceased in May due to public protests. The Thcitchciiks were ordered to prepare for deportation prior to the cessation. Plovdiv was shelled by the Soviet Army in 1944 and the family built and moved into an underground bomb shelter. The city was liberated by the Soviets on September 9, 1944.