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Folding Fan owned by a Japanese aid coordinator for Jewish refugees in Shanghai

Object | Accession Number: 2003.464.2

Wooden folding fan with Japanese characters owned by Koreshige Inuzuka, a naval Captain who served as the head of the Japanese Imperial Navy’s Advisory Bureau on Jewish Affairs in occupied Shanghai, China, from 1939 to 1943. In 1937, Japan occupied Shanghai and began to enact new policies regarding the territory’s interaction with increasing numbers of European refugees, especially Jews. As one of the Japanese military’s “Jewish experts” Koreshige was consulted to assist with refugee policies. Early in his career, he was exposed to western anti-Semitism and false claims of a Jewish plan for world domination in “The Protocols of the Elders of Zion” and became deeply anti-Semitic. Despite this, Koreshige recommended welcoming Jews to Shanghai in order to exploit the purported powerful international Jewish network. Following the 5 Ministers’ Conference in 1938, Koreshige’s approach became part of Japan’s official Jewish policy. Between November 1938 and August 1939, approximately 20,000 European refugees settled in the Hongkou district of Shanghai. Following Japan’s Tripartite pact with Germany and Italy in September 1940, the pro-German segment of the Japanese government and military authorities instituted restrictive Jewish polices. After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the United States declared war and withdrew support for the Shanghai Jews. In 1943, Koreshige was transferred to Manila, Philippines. Having significantly less value without American support, the Shanghai Jews were forced into ghettos. On September 2, 1945, Japan surrendered. In the years following the war, the majority of the Jewish refugees left Shanghai to immigrate to other nations.

creation:  approximately 1900-approximately 1945
creation: Japan
Dress Accessories
Object Type
Folding fans (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:17:12
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