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Pair of batim from a set of tefillin rescued after Kristallnacht and recovered postwar

Object | Accession Number: 2004.576.1 a-b

Two batim from a pair of tefillin used by Bernhard Groeschel. During the Kristallnacht pogrom on November 9-10, 1938, the tefillin were thrown out of the window of his home in Forchheim, Germany. A neighbor saved only the batim and returned them to Bernhard’s wife, Rose, after the war. Tefillin are used by Jewish males during morning prayers. Bernhard was imprisoned in Dachau concentration camp and released in December. In March 1939, Bernhard and Rose sent their 14 year old daughter, Irmgard, on a kindertransport to Basel, Switzerland. After war broke out in September 1939, Bernhard and Rose left Germany for England but were denied entry. They were sent to a refugee camp in the Netherlands and emigrated to the United States in April 1940. Irmgard joined her parents in the United States that August.

use:  before 1938 November 09
recovered:  after 1945 May
use: Forchheim (Oberfranken, Germany)
recovery: Forchheim (Oberfranken, Germany)
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Tefillin (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Irma Mathes
Record last modified: 2020-08-25 14:39:42
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