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Stuffed brown bear owned by a Polish Jewish girl and recovered postwar

Object | Accession Number: 1991.234.1

Teddy bear owned by Zofia Chorowicz and kept with her in the Krakow and Wolbrom ghettos in 1941 and 1942. Zofia’s parents, Isydor and Rachela, gave her the bear in the 1930’s. Zofia entrusted the teddy bear, a doll, and other family valuables to a non-Jewish Polish family, who gave them back to Zofia after the war ended in May 1945. Zofia, 18, and her mother Rachela were forced to move into the Krakow ghetto, established by German authorities in March 1941. In 1941 or 1942, they were moved to Wolbrom, Poland. During a selection on September 5, 1942, Zofia was sent to a labor camp in Krakow. Her mother was killed. In fall 1943, Zofia was sent to be a slave laborer in the HASAG factory in Skarzysko-Kamienna labor camp. In August 1944, she was sent to the HASAG factory in Leipzig-Schoenefeld, Germany. In April 1945, the camp was evacuated and Zofia was sent on a death march. She was liberated on April 29 by British forces near Cavertitz, Germany. Zofia returned to Krakow after the war ended.

received:  after 1930-before 1939
recovered:  after 1945 May
use: Krakow ghetto; Krakow (Poland)
use: Wolbrom ghetto; Wolbrom (Poland)
recovery: Krakow (Poland)
Stuffed animals
Object Type
Teddy bears (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Zofia Burowska
Record last modified: 2022-04-12 17:15:33
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