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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 5 kronen note, issued to a German Jewish inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2004.566.2

Scrip, valued at 5 kronen, obtained by 17 year old Ursula Lenneberg in 1943 while an inmate of Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in Czechoslovakia. Ursula considered this fake money produced to fool the Red Cross that camp conditions were decent and healthy. Ursula received a deportation notice in July 1942 in Dusseldorf, Germany, where she lived with her family. They insisted on going with her to the camp. Her father Otto and brother Walter, 12, were allowed, but her mother, Lina, born a Christian, was not. In Theresienstadt in summer 1944, Otto received a deportation notice and Ursula insisted that she and Walter go with him. They were taken to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Otto and Walter were sent to the gas chambers upon arrival. Around January 1945, Ursula was selected for forced labor at a linen factory in Merzdorf, Poland. The camp was abandoned by the guards the day the Russians arrived in April. Ursula and five friends were given bicycles by a soldier and decided to go to Prague. Only Ursula and Buschi were able to continue after reaching the Czech border. They biked 500 miles through bombed out terrain and in six weeks reached Lippborg, Germany, where Ursula had family. She was reunited there with her mother Lina. They emigrated to the United States in 1947.

issue:  1943 January 01
received:  1943-1944 September
issue: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ursula Lenneberg Pawel
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:29:49
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