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The Museum’s Collections document the fate of Holocaust victims, survivors, rescuers, liberators, and others through artifacts, documents, photos, films, books, personal stories, and more. Search below to view digital records and find material that you can access at our library and at the Shapell Center.
Charles Laufer was born Sally Borgenicht on January 5, 1910, as a Polish citizen in Berlin. His parents, Löbl Laufer (also known as Löbl Borgenicht) and Sara Güttla Borgenicht (also known as Sabina Laufer), were also both Polish citizens. He attended primary and secondary school in Berlin and was apprenticed at a couple of clothing manufacturers before becoming a full employee of Friedländer & Zaduck. He was also a heavyweight boxer for the Jewish boxing club "Maccabi." He was expelled from Germany in 1938 as an alien under a new law regarding immigrants. He immigrated to the United States with his mother in December 1938. In the 1950s and 1960s Laufer pursued the West German government for restitution of a pension owed to his mother.
Learn about over 1,000 camps and ghettos in Volume I and II of this encyclopedia, which are available as a free PDF download. This reference provides text, photographs, charts, maps, and extensive indexes.