Papers from Auktionshaus für Historica GMBH & Co. KG
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
The papers consist of a certificate ("Bescheinigung") issued in 1933, some correspondence dated 1933, and two fliers dated 1932 and 1933 anouncing meetings of the Communist Party in Germany.
Record last modified: 2018-09-04 12:39:56
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn522590
Also in Nazi Party miscellanea collection
The collection consists of a book, documents, a poster, and one pair of SA-Wehrmannschaft uniform trousers relating to the history of the Nazi Party in Germany.
SA-Wehrmannschaft [Sturmabteilung] brown/green combat uniform trousers for this military training defense unit formed in 1939. The members were usually older men not fit for regular military service, but still required to undergo military training and participate in civil defense. By the late 1930s, the SA was not an independent political force, but it was a powerful organizing tool for the Nazi Party. The SA was a paramilitary organization founded by Hitler in 1920, and led by Ernst Rohm. The Stormtroopers were known for their brutality and violence and were potent instruments of street terror during Hitler's rise to power. By the early 1930s, SA membership reached three million, far outnumbering the German Army. After Hitler became Chancellor in 1933, the SA's demands for political power threatened Hitler's plans for German expansion and he turned against them. Between June 30 and July 2, 1934, the Nazi Party leadership, on Hitler's order, purged the SA leadership to end the embarrassing conduct and political intrigues.
Poster produced for the August 19, 1934, referendum to approve Hitler as Fuhrer, consolidating the positions of President and Chancellor of Germany. The poster has a photograph of Hitler in uniform superimposed over a large crowd of people giving the Heil Hitler salute. Hitler had been appointed Chancellor by President Paul von Hindenburg on January 31, 1933. Hitler assumed the role of Fuhrer on August 4, 1934, two days after the death of von Hindenburg. The vote was held to legitimize the position and solidify his dictatorial authority. Ninety percent of the population voted in favor of Hitler.