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Czech lion coat of arms cap badge owned by a Jewish veteran of the Czech Air Force in exile

Object | Accession Number: 2004.692.3

Tinnie, or pressed tin pincap badge owned by Frank Meissner, who served in the Czech Air Force from 1944-1945 for the Czech government in exile. It features the Czech coat-of-arms with the rampant split-tailed lion of Bohemia. At the age of 16, Frank left Trest, Czechoslovakia, in 1939 to avoid the increasingly harsh Nazi persecutions of Jews. He went to Denmark with Youth Aliyah to attend agricultural school. In fall 1943, when the Germans decided to deport all Jews from Denmark, Frank was smuggled on a fishing boat to Sweden. During his exile, he received weekly letters from his family, even after their deportation to Theresienstadt ghetto. The letters stopped in 1943. In the fall of 1944, Frank learned that his family had been sent to Auschwitz concentration camp. He joined the Czech army-in-exile in Great Britain. After the war ended in May 1945, Frank returned to Czechoslovakia searching for his family, but he found no survivors.

commemoration:  1944-1945
issue: Great Britain
Military Insignia
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Margit Meissner
Record last modified: 2023-08-31 14:42:47
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