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Circular patch with a yellow Star of David worn by a Jewish Romanian woman

Object | Accession Number: 2016.487.1

Handmade, Star of David patch on a black background that belonged to Pincu Kaiserman’s sister, likely Rosa, in Romania, sometime between September 10, 1941 and 1943. In September 1940, Romania fell under the rule of a radical military coalition led by General Antonescu and the Iron Guard, a fascist, anti-Semitic military group of Nazi collaborators. In November, Romania joined the Axis Alliance and began passing many anti-Semitic laws similar to Germany’s Nuremberg Laws. On June 26, 1941, Romanian authorities accused members of the Iași Jewish community, where the Kaiserman family lived, of being Soviet collaborators, prompting Romanian and German soldiers, local police, and civilians to carry out widespread raids, beatings, and murders during the next few days. Pincu and his sisters, Rosa and Clarisa, were in hiding on June 29 during the Iași pogrom, when thousands of Jews were massacred. They survived and had to live under many anti-Jewish restrictions like being allowed to move about freely only during daily restricted periods. In September 1941, Romanian authorities decreed that all Jews in Eastern territories had to wear a yellow Star of David patch. Marshal Antonescu countered the decree; however, Jews in the nearby annexed regions of Bukovina and Bessarabia where the Kaiserman’s likely had to travel to, were still required to wear them. In October 1943, Pincu was recruited to perform forced labor near Iași. On August 20, 1944, Soviet forces entered Iași, and three days later the Romanian Army joined Allied forces against Germany.

Date
1941 September 10-1943  (use)
Geography
use : Romania
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Genre/Form
Badges.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Pincu Kaiserman and Comunitatea Evreilor din Iasi
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Record last modified: 2018-11-08 16:36:11
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn522725