Łódź ghetto scrip, 20 mark note
1940 May 15
Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland);
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Theodore T. Mairanz and Ita Mond
Scrip acquired by 22 year-old Steffa (Shifra) Horowitz Mairanz (Marjanc) from family members who lived in the Jewish ghetto in Łódź, Poland. Steffa, her husband, and their infant daughter, who was born April 12, 1940, lived in hiding in different towns near Łódź to avoid being interned in any ghettos. Steffa managed to smuggle several family members out of the Łódź ghetto before it was destroyed by the Germans in 1944.
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:11:45
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn522935
Also in Steffa Horowitz Mairanz collection
The collection consists of an artifact, documents, and photographs relating to the experience of Steffa Horowitz Mairanz and Tadek Mairanz before, during, and after the Holocaust in Poland.
The Szyfra Majranc papers consist of biographical materials, correspondence, diaries and other personal writings, photographs, and printed materials documenting Szyfra and Nechemia Majranc, their Horowitz and Majranc relatives, their prewar lives in Łódź and Sanok, and hiding and living under false identities in Rzeszów. Biographical materials include an invitation to Szyfra and Nechemia Majranc’s wedding annotated by Szyfra Majranc and Rabbi Tuvia Horowitz as well as certificates issues by the Polish Embassy in Rome stating that Szyfra and Nechemia Majranc’s Polish citizenship was being verified. Correspondence includes letters and postcards from Szyfra Majranc, Rabbi Tuvia Horowitz, and a member of the Polish underground called “Władek” who helped the Majranc family obtain false papers. One of Rabbi Horowitz’s letters is addressed to his friend Dr. Jung asking him to arrange for immigration papers to the United States for his family and describes deteriorating circumstances in L’viv. Władek’s letter offers help to the Majranc family, relates the deportation of Jews from Sanok, and describes the situation in L’viv. Diaries and other personal writings document Szyfra and Nechemia Majranc’s experiences hiding under false identities with their daughter and Szyfra’s sister in Rzeszów. Writings include emotional and intimate diary entries, short stories, allegories, poems, and notes. Photographs depict Hersz Tzvi, Bracha Tauba, Israel, Mordechai, Levi, Nechemia, Szyfra, and Marylka Majranc; Tuvia, Ita, Mendel, and Rivka Horowitz; Rabbi Abraham Mordechai Alter; Szyfra’s friend Minka Spira; and Rabbi Horowitz’s friend Dr. Jung. The photographs were taken in Kolumna, Krakow, Łódź, Rome, Rzeszów, Sanok, Szczawnica, and Wisniowa. Additional photographs depict an Agudat Israel convention and a military parade of the Podhale Brigade. Printed materials include a newspaper clipping containing a poem by Menachem Riger titled “The Last Three” and the Hymn of the Jewish Partisans and an announcement about a memorial ceremony in New York City for Holocaust victims from Majdan, Poland, at which Szyfra Majranc was scheduled to speak.