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Portrait of a Polish female inmate drawn by a fellow inmate in a Soviet labor camp

Object | Accession Number: 2007.39.1

Pencil portrait of Roza Holcman created by Jozia Berko in March 15, 1944, when both women were political prisoners in a Soviet labor camp in Samarka (Temritau), Kazakhstan. Jozia was an underground delegate for the Polish Government in Exile. She was imprisoned by the Soviets at the camp by 1944 and died there in the late 1940s. Roza was arrested by the Soviets in 1942 for doing military recruitment for the Polish Home Army in the east and sentenced to fifteen years. She had a daughter, Aurelia, in November 1944, with an American medic, Phillip Rosenblith, who was later transferred to Moscow and killed. Jozia's mother, Liza, obtained a permit to take the baby out of the camp when she was 11 months old. Roza was released from the camp in 1955, and joined Liza and Aurelia in Warsaw.

Artwork Title
Portrait of Roza Holcman
creation:  1944 March 15
creation: Soviet labor camp; Temirtau (Kazakhstan)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Aurelia Holcman Vogel
Record last modified: 2022-03-28 10:00:32
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