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Engraved wooden box presented to a Lieutenant General of the SS by his troops

Object | Accession Number: 2005.525.2

Engraved commemorative box presented to SS Obergruppenführer [Lieutenant general of the SS] Friedrich Wilhelm Krüger by the troops of the 5th Mountain Corps in German-occupied Yugoslavia, which he commanded from August 1944 to February 1945. The box was used to hold Waffen-SS labeled photographs of the region where Krüger’s troops had served. From October 1939 to October1943, Krüger served as Höherer SS und Polizeiführer [Supreme SS and Police Leader] for the Generalgouvernement in occupied Poland, where he carried out Heinrich Himmler’s killing operations for Jews in the region. In 1943, Krüger was replaced due to a power struggle with Hans Frank, Governor General of Poland during the German occupation. At Krüger’s request, he was given command of divisions in the field, and committed suicide after Germany's surrender in May 1945. After Krüger’s death, the box was acquired by Henry Birnbaum, a United States soldier who served as a translator for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, from 1945-1946.

Date
found:  after 1945 May-1946
commemoration:  1944 August-1945 February
Geography
found: Europe
Language
German
Classification
Containers
Category
Boxes
Object Type
Wooden boxes (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Containers.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Irwin Birnbaum and Phillip Birnbaum
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:47
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn523298