Engraved wooden box presented to a Waffen SS general by his troops
- Object Type
Wooden boxes (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Irwin Birnbaum and Phillip Birnbaum
Carved commemorative box that was given to SS Obergruppenfuhrer und General Der Polizei Friedrich Wilhelm Kruger in 1944 by his troops when he commanded the 5th Mountain Corps in German occupied Yugoslavia. It held Waffen SS labeled military photographs of the region. From 1939-1943, Kruger was the Higher SS and Police Leader for the Generalgouvernement in Poland, where he carried out Himmler’s killing operations for Jews in the region. In 1943, he was replaced due to a power struggle with Hans Frank, Governor General of Poland during the German occupation. He requested and was given the command of divisions in the field until the end of the war when he committed suicide on May 9, 1945 in Liepaja, Latvia. The box was acquired by Henry Birnbaum, a US soldier stationed in Nuremberg, Germany, in 1945-1946 where he served as a translator for the International Military Tribunal.
Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:25:45
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn523298
Also in Friedrich Wilhelm Kruger collection
The collection consists of artifacts, a logbook, and photographs relating to the experiences of SS Obergruppenfuhrer Friedrich Wilhelm Kruger during his service in the 5th SS Mountain Infantry in Nazi occupied Croatia and Yugoslavia during World War II.
The collection consists of photographs taken by the 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen in Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro from 1942-1944 after the German invasion of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. They are labeled by the commanding office of the Waffen-SS. The photographs depict the military campaigns by the division and include several images of captured partisans. Also included are postcards from Dubrovnik and Sarajevo, and a travel log from 1944 February 2-5 that was likely authored by Friedrich Wilhelm Krüger, who served with the division.