Engraved wooden box presented to a Lieutenant General of the SS by his troops
after 1945 May-1946
commemoration: 1944 August-1945 February
- Object Type
Wooden boxes (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Irwin Birnbaum and Phillip Birnbaum
Engraved commemorative box presented to SS Obergruppenführer [Lieutenant general of the SS] Friedrich Wilhelm Krüger by the troops of the 5th Mountain Corps in German-occupied Yugoslavia, which he commanded from August 1944 to February 1945. The box was used to hold Waffen-SS labeled photographs of the region where Krüger’s troops had served. From October 1939 to October1943, Krüger served as Höherer SS und Polizeiführer [Supreme SS and Police Leader] for the Generalgouvernement in occupied Poland, where he carried out Heinrich Himmler’s killing operations for Jews in the region. In 1943, Krüger was replaced due to a power struggle with Hans Frank, Governor General of Poland during the German occupation. At Krüger’s request, he was given command of divisions in the field, and committed suicide after Germany's surrender in May 1945. After Krüger’s death, the box was acquired by Henry Birnbaum, a United States soldier who served as a translator for the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, from 1945-1946.
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:47
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn523298
Also in Friedrich Wilhelm Krüger collection
The collection consists of artifacts, a logbook, and photographs relating to the experiences of SS Obergruppenfuhrer Friedrich Wilhelm Krüger during his service in the 5th Mountain Corps in German-occupied Yugoslavia during World War II.
The collection consists of 344 photographs taken by the 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen in Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro from 1942-1944 after the German invasion of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. They are labeled by the commanding office of the Waffen-SS. The photographs depict the military campaigns by the division and include several images of captured partisans. Also included are postcards from Dubrovnik and Sarajevo, and a travel log from 1944 February 2-5 that was likely authored by Friedrich Wilhelm Krüger, who served with the division.