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Engraved wooden box presented to a Waffen SS general by his troops

Object | Accession Number: 2005.525.2

Carved commemorative box that was given to SS Obergruppenfuhrer und General Der Polizei Friedrich Wilhelm Kruger in 1944 by his troops when he commanded the 5th Mountain Corps in German occupied Yugoslavia. It held Waffen SS labeled military photographs of the region. From 1939-1943, Kruger was the Higher SS and Police Leader for the Generalgouvernement in Poland, where he carried out Himmler’s killing operations for Jews in the region. In 1943, he was replaced due to a power struggle with Hans Frank, Governor General of Poland during the German occupation. He requested and was given the command of divisions in the field until the end of the war when he committed suicide on May 9, 1945 in Liepaja, Latvia. The box was acquired by Henry Birnbaum, a US soldier stationed in Nuremberg, Germany, in 1945-1946 where he served as a translator for the International Military Tribunal.

1945-1946  (found)
1944  (commemoration)
use : Yugoslavia
Object Type
Wooden boxes (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Irwin Birnbaum and Phillip Birnbaum
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:06:40
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