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Notice of achievement received by a boy in a Łódź ghetto orphanage

Object | Accession Number: 2005.558.1

Picture postcard presented to 12 year old Jakub Lapides in the school he attended in the Jewish ghetto in Łódź, Poland, from 1939-1942. It recognizes his contribution to student self-government in the orphanage from August-September 1940. Jakub and his three siblings were living in an orphanage in Łódź, Poland, when it was occupied by the Germans in September 1939. The Jews were forced into a ghetto and at first, things were better for the children because the Jewish Council gave orphans larger food rations. But soon conditions worsened and hunger was everywhere. Deportations to concentration camps increased, and children and the elderly were often targeted for pickup. During one such roundup in September 1942, while Jakub and his siblings were hiding in a cemetery, they saw men delivering soup to the orphanage. As they were waiting in line, German trucks arrived; Jakub urged the others to flee with him, but they did not and he "saw that they boarded the trucks." After 2 days, he left his hiding place and went to his aunt's house because the orphanage no longer existed. In March 1944, Jakub was deported to a slave labor camp in Czestochowa. It was liberated by Soviet troops in January 1945. Jakub returned to Łódź and got a job in a bakery so that he would never be hungry again.

commemoration:  1940 August 01-1940 September 01
received: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
Information Forms
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jakob Lapides
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:29:57
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