Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Unused trilingual paid reply postcards for use by forced laborers from eastern Europe

Object | Accession Number: 2005.506.16

Unused reply paid postcards with instructions in German, Russian, and Ukrainian created for use by Ostarbeiters [Eastern workers], forced laborers from eastern Europe, mostly Russians and Ukrainians, forcibly recruited by the Germans to work in Nazi controlled territories. They were allowed to send two postcards a month, subject to censorship. Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet Union in the spring of 1941, and the need for forced labor to support the war effort and to keep the German economy functioning was an urgent necessity. Millions of forced laborers were deported from the Soviet Union to work in factories. They were housed in so-called residence camps which were often surrounded by barbed wire and staffed by SS guards. They were required to wear OST badges to keep them separate from the general population and to mark them as second class citizens. After the war ended in 1945, nearly 6 million eastern workers were repatriated to the Soviet Union where they often were discriminated against and accused of being traitors to their country.

use:  1943-1945
issue: forced labor camp; Germany
Information Forms
Object Type
Reply cards (aat)
Credit Line
Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:10:25
This page: