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Letterhead stationery of The Jewish Brigade kept by a young female recruit

Object | Accession Number: 2006.129.1

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    Brief Narrative
    Letterhead acquired by 17 year old Jutta Rosen while serving in the Jewish Brigade of the British Army in Palestine after the war. The Brigade, established in British ruled Palestine in September 1944, fought against Nazi Germany in Italy from March 1945 until the end of the war in May. Postwar, the Brigade helped create displaced persons camps for Jewish survivors. Many Brigade members were involved in organizing the flight of Jewish refugees from eastern Europe and arranging their clandestine entry into Palestine. Britain disbanded it in summer 1946. In November 1938, after Kristallnacht, Jutta and her older sister Cilly were sent from Frankfurt, Germany, to the Netherlands where they were placed in the Jewish Girls Orphanage in Amsterdam. Germany occupied the country in May 1940. In February 1943, German police came to the orphanage to deport the residents. Cilly and Jutta escaped the roundup and went into hiding with the assistance of the Dutch underground. The war ended in May 1945 and the sisters emigrated to Palestine.
    creation:  1945 May-1946 July
    issue: Palestine
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jutta Rosen
    front, upper right corner, blue ink : 604 BATTERY / 200 JEWISH FIELD REGT. R. A. / B. A. O. R. / 20C- (Hebrew characters) 604 (Hebrew characters)
    Subject: Jutta Rosen
    Jutta Levitus was born on July 30, 1928, in Strasbourg, France, to Ignatz and Regina Lesegeld Levitus, born on June 18, 1902. She had two older sisters, Hanna, born in 1924, and Cilly, born in 1925, both in Frankfurt, Germany, where their parents ran a kosher hotel, and then a cinema. The family moved to Strasbourg and ran a restaurant for two years, but returned because Ignatz was ill. A son, Josef, was born on February 23, 1930. Ignatz died in 1931. The Nazi dictatorship became established in 1933 and Jews were targeted for harsh persecution. Regina worked as a housekeeper and in the kitchen of a Jewish orphanage. After the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938, she sent Cilly and Jutta on a kindertransport to the Netherlands, where they were placed in the Jewish Girls’ Orphanage at Rapenburgertraat 173 in Amsterdam. Nazi Germany occupied the Netherlands in May 1940. In 1942, the Germans began large scale deportations of Jews to concentration camps. On February 10, 1943, police came to remove all the children from the orphanage. But Cilly and Jutta escaped the roundup and went into hiding with the assistance of the Dutch underground. For a time they were hidden in the home of two schoolteachers, Cornelia Ouweleen and Maria Hoefsmit. One day, Jutta was discovered and taken to Schouwburg prison. But she was rescued from the prison, as Jutta recalled: "I was sitting in a red velvet chair in this huge hall with hundreds of prisoners. Someone called out: 'Is there a girl all on her own here called Jutta?' I raised my hand and he told me to follow him out of the gates of the prison. I remember there were two guards who just looked away." After the war ended in May 1945, Cilly and Jutta emigrated illegally to Palestine. Their sister Hannah had been living there since her escape from Germany in 1940. Their mother and younger brother had been deported from near Lublin, Poland, in 1942, and assumed killed in a concentration camp, probably Auschwitz. Jutta joined the Jewish Brigade of the British Army in Palestine which was disbanded in July 1946. She later married, took the surname Rosen, and had a son.

    Physical Details

    English Hebrew
    Object Type
    Letterheads (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    White paper letterhead that has yellowed. In the upper left corner is a square emblem with white and blue vertical stripes and a yellow Star of David in the center. In the upper right corner is text in English and Hebrew in blue ink, beneath a dotted blue line.
    overall: Height: 9.750 inches (24.765 cm) | Width: 8.000 inches (20.32 cm)
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The stationery was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2006 by Jutta Rosen.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 08:41:18
    This page:

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