Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Nathan Schwalb papers/Hechalutz Office Geneva

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2007.138 | RG Number: RG-68.087M

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward


    The collection contains correspondence, reports and photographas related to the situation and fate of Jews in Europe during the Second World War and the rescue activities of the Hechalutz movement. Mainly includes correspondence with Hechalutz members in the Nazi-occupied territories and the JOINT; reports about the situation of Jews in various countries; reports about the concentration camps Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, and Westerbork; and miscellaneous internal records pertaining to the activities of the Hechalutz headquarters in Geneva.
    inclusive:  1921-1989
    bulk:  1939-1945
    Collection Creator
    Nathan Schwalb-Dror
    Makhon le-h?ek?er tenu?at ha-?avodah ?a. sh. Pinh?as Lavon
    Nathan Schwalb (April 1,1908-March 24, 2004) was born on April 1, 1908 in Stanisławów, Poland (currently Ivano-Frankovsk, Ukraine). His father was a language and religion professor at the local Jewish academic high school and his mother was a private tutor. Nathan became a member of several Jewish organizations, including Makkabi Hazair, Gordonia, and Hechalutz. In 1929 he immigrated to Palestine and became a member of Kibbutz Hulda, becoming a leading member in 1935.

    Shortly before the outbreak of World War II, Nathan was sent to particiate in the Zionist Congress in Geneva in 1939. Nathan planned to return to Palestine, but while the congress was taking place, the Germans and Soviets agreed to the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact (Treaty of Non-aggression) and participants of the congress feared a war would soon begin. Consequently, Nathan and others decided to stay in Switzerland in order to organize relief efforts. Nathan established a new headquarters of the Hechalutz in Geneva and worked as a representative of the World Hechalutz movement, serving as a contact person and a financial welfare source. He corresponded with hundreds of people in the occupied countries and was active in many areas including the sending of parcels via the Red Cross, mainly to Poland, and transferring funds via messengers. He also worked in cooperation with the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee and the Swiss Red Cross, communicating with Saly Mayer from the Joint Distribution Committee and Dr. Abraham Silberschein from the Relief Committee for the Warstricken Jewish Population (RELICO). Additionally, he established contact with influential Swiss politicians, police personnel, and clergymen in order to assist refugees in Switzerland.

    His father and siblings were killed in 1941 in Stanisławów. After the war, Nathan returned to Palestine and served as a delegate of the Histadrut union and again became a leading member of Kibbuz Hulda where he lived until his death in 2004.
    Preuss, Walter. Die jüdische Arbeiterbewegung in Palästina. Berlin: Hechaluz, 1933. USHMM Location: Rare Book Collection, Call Number: HD8761.P32 P7 1933; Zum jüdisch-arabischen Problem: ein Sammelbuch. Berlin: Hechaluz, 1933. USHMM Location: Rare

    Book Collection, Call Number: DS126.H394 1933; Kroh, Ferdinand. David kämpft : vom jüdischen Widerstand gegen Hitler / Ferdinand Kroh; mit einem Nachwort von Nathan Schwalb-Dror. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1988. USHMM Location: Library Stacks, Call

    Number: D810.J4 K697 1988

    Physical Details

    German Hebrew English
    210,781 digital images : PNG ; 27.9 GB.
    43 microfilm reels ; 16 mm.
    15 CD-ROMs ; 4 3/4 in..
    1 DVD-ROM.
    System of Arrangement
    Reels # 19 and 23 were intentionally left blank

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing station. There are no additional access restrictions to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Duplication and publication of documents/microfilm reels or digital images for third parties require the written permission of the Lavon Institute for Labour Research.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Schwalb, Nathan.

    Administrative Notes

    Source of acquisition is The Lavon Institute for Labour Research, Israel (RG III-37A). According to The Lavon Institute, Mr. Schwalb kept these records for many years in his private apartment in Tel Aviv before they were transferred to The Lavon Institute under a court order) The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archives Project purchased and transferred the collection to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives in June 2007.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-24 13:46:44
    This page:

    Additional Resources

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us