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Oral history interview with Helen Rubin

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.177.22 | RG Number: RG-50.677.0022

Helen Rubin, born in 1930 in Rozwadów, Poland, discusses being the youngest of three children; living with her loving extended family; attending Polish and Jewish schools; the German invasion; the expulsion of all the Jews across the San River to Soviet territory; living with relatives in ZHovkva, Ukraine for nine months; being deported with her immediate and extended family to Siberia; briefly living in a barrack, then with a family; her father organizing her brother's clandestine bar mitzvah; being transferred to another barrack; the death of one of her aunts; doing forced labor; receiving meager rations; receiving Passover supplies from a Soviet officer; receiving a package from an uncle in the United States; their release after 14 months; traveling to Zhizzakh, Uzbekistan; the deaths of her grandparents and some cousins; moving to Samarqand, Uzbekistan; establishing a weaving business; attending a Polish school; repatriation to Łódź after the war; learning of the death camps; witnessing the destruction in Kraków; her father selling their house; living in Paris, France, while waiting to immigrate to the United States; staying in a Jewish orphanage; immigrating to the United States in 1947; learning English from the radio; becoming a speech pathologist; and attributing her family's survival to their Soviet exile. (She shows objects and photographs at the end of the interview.)


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Ms. Helen Rubin
Date
interview:  2011 September 13
Language
English
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
This testimony was recorded through a joint project of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and the Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale University