WW I Baden Cross for Volunteer War Aid awarded to a German Jewish veteran
- Object Type
Medals, German (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Linda Ziskind
Kreuz für freiwillige Kriegshilfe [Volunteer War Aid Cross] 1914-1916, belonging to Oskar Ehrmann. The Cross was awarded to men and women who provided outstanding service in caring for the sick and wounded, outside the war zone, or for other voluntary service in support of the war. Ehrmann was awarded a Cross of Honor for service on the front line during the First World War (1914-1918), issued in 1934. Oskar's two brothers were also German Army officers in WWI. In 1933, the Nazi regime came to power in Germany and enacted policies to persecute the Jewish population. Oskar decided to leave Germany with his family. In June 1937, Oskar, his wife Friedel, their children, Hans, 14, and Rolf, 12, and Friedel's brother Gustav sailed to America. They were later joined that by several family members, but many were unable to leave and perished.
Record last modified: 2023-08-31 15:27:29
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn524514
Also in Mayer, Bierig, and Ehrmann families collection
The collection consists of a medal, correspondence, and documents relating to the Mayer, Bierig, and Ehrmann families before, during, and after the Holocaust in Germany, and the United States where several family members emigrated to escape persecution.
The Mayer, Bierig, and Ehrmann families papers consist of biographical materials and correspondence documenting the family’s lives in Nazi Germany, emigration to England, deportation to France, and immigration to the United States. Biographical materials include identification papers; birth, registration, marriage, and death certificates; education, training, and employment records; emigration and immigration records; ration books; and a family tree documenting the lives of the Bierig, Ehrmann, and Mayer families in Germany and their departures for England and the United States. They also include printed materials documenting the cultural activities of youth in British enemy alien internment camps. Correspondence includes letters and postcards among family members and friends in Leimen, Nussloch, Gurs, Noé, Manchester, the Isle of Man, Toms River, and Brooklyn. The correspondence describes daily life in Germany, the United States, and England; deportation to France and life in French concentration camps; and efforts to emigrate. Letters also share family recipes as well as news of the deaths of family members and friends. This series also includes postwar correspondence from Kätchen Brandner, who had worked for the Mayer family in Leimen, and Paula Gluck, who was in Noé with the Mayers, providing news about the fates of family members and friends and about postwar life in Germany.