Painted plastic doll given to a young Jewish girl in hiding in France
manufacture: after 1926-before 1940
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the loving family of Renee Lisse Sachs (Toujours Dans Nos Coeurs)
Baby doll given to Renee Lyszka, age 4, either while she was living in hiding in France in 1944, or just after the war. In May 1940, a couple months after Renee was born in Paris, Nazi Germany invaded France. The armistice signed in June placed Paris under German military administration. Anti-Jewish policies were enacted and deportations of Jews to camps in the east began by 1942. Renee and her father Abraham did not look Jewish and, with false papers as Christians, they were able to move about. Her mother Sara had to remain hidden at home. In 1944, a neighbor denounced Sara to the Gestapo and she was taken to Drancy transit camp. Abraham, a tailor, had made uniforms for the French guards and he was able to pay a bribe and get her released. They then placed Renee in hiding with Sara's sister Renee in St. Pardoux. Paris was liberated in August 1944, and Renee was reunited with her parents.
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 11:48:38
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn526976
Also in Renee Lisse Sachs family collection
The collection consists of a doll, documents, an oral history, and photographs relating to the experiences of Renee Lyszka and her family in prewar, wartime, and postwar Poland, France, and the United States.
The Lyszka family papers contain biographical papers and photographs documenting Renée Lyszka's (later Renée Lisse Sachs) childhood in France, where she hid in Saint Pardoux with her aunt Renée Cwajgenbaum during World War II. The collection documents the Cwajgenbaum and Lyszka families in Łódż, Poland, and Paris, France as well. The papers include identification, immigration, and French school papers of Renée; burial certificates of Renée's parents Abraham and Sara Lyszka; and an identification document of Abraham's. The photographs include photographs of Renée as a child in Paris, Brunoy, and Saint Pardoux; her aunt Renée; her parents, Abraham and Sara; and members of the Bogochwal and Cwajgenbaum families.
Renée Lisse Sachs (née Lyszka), born in Paris, France in 1940, discusses her experiences as a young child in hiding during World War II; her early memories of air raids in a neighborhood of mostly Polish Jewish immigrants; her father who was able to pass as a non-Jew; her mother who was denounced to the Gestapo by a neighbor; her sense of guilt for events that led to her mother's deportation to the Drancy internment camp; her mother's release the camp after her father bargained with the French guards for whom he made uniforms; being sent by train alone at age four to the south of France to live with her aunt; her mother's absence of emotion on the train platform; living as Catholic while in hiding; attending church and learning Catholic rituals; her sense of peace and happiness in the French countryside; her return to her parents after the war; her mother's death from a stroke; being sent to a children's home at age 11; immigrating to the United States at age 15 to live with her uncle; and adjusting to life in the US.