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White lace pillowcase returned to Czech Jewish concentration camp inmates postwar

Object | Accession Number: 2012.342.4

Pillowcase originally from the home of Josef Steiner that was returned to Maud Stecklmacher, his maternal great niece, after the war by their non-Jewish neighbors Muzikant and Sevcik to whom he had entrusted it before his July 1942 deportation from Prostejov, Czechoslovakia. It was one of several linens saved and recovered (2005.342.5). Prostejov was annexed and occupied by Nazi Germany in March 1939. On July 2, 1942, Maud, 13, her parents Fritz and Käthe, her sister Karmela, 8, her grandparents Max and Steffi Steiner, and Josef and his son Gustav, 16, were sent to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp. On July 28, Gustav, 16, and Josef were sent to Baranowicze, Poland, where they were murdered upon arrival. Max died on September 17. Fritz committed suicide on May 30, 1943. Käthe was assigned to the glimmer factory, splitting mineral mica into flakes used for electrical insulation. Mica was essential to the German war effort, so she and her immediate family were protected temporarily from deportation to camps further east. Steffi was deported to Auschwitz and murdered in October 1944. Theresienstadt was liberated by Soviet troops on May 9, 1945. Käthe, Maud, and Karmela returned to Prostejov. They left for Israel in March 1949.

Date
before 1942 July  (use)
1945 May  (recovered)
Geography
recovery : Prostejov (Czech Republic)
Classification
Furnishings and Furniture
Category
Household linens
Object Type
Pillowcases (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Maud Michal Stecklmacher Beer
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:05:53
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn530309