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Children’s songbook brought with a German Jewish prewar refugee

Publication | Accession Number: 2012.493.6

Small, illustrated children’s songbook taken with Nellie Wiesenthal when she immigrated to the United States in January 1939, from Berlin, Germany, via Switzerland and France. The booklet was published in Berlin, on February 15, 1891, and printed by Julius Sittenfeld. On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany. Following the passage of the Nuremberg laws in 1935, Nellie’s father, Fritz, began looking for places where the family could immigrate as life became increasingly difficult. Later that year, Fritz, a doctor, and Nellie’s mother, Gertrude, sent her older sister, Illa, to boarding school in England. When Nellie was no longer allowed to attend public school, she moved into her paternal grandmother Ernestine’s home and attended a local Jewish school. In 1938, Fritz left for the US in order to begin studying for the medical boards he needed to pass in order to practice medicine there. He sent for Illa in August, and in September, Nellie, went to Switzerland with her paternal aunt Helene and three cousins. When her aunt’s family left to wait for their American visas in Cuba, Nellie was taken to a children’s home in Lucerne, until a family friend could escort her to France. Once in Cherbourg, Nellie boarded the SS Deutschland, and arrived in New York City in January 1939. Gertrude arrived in March. Later that year, Ernestine travelled to London, England, to wait for her American visa. In the fall of 1942, Ernestine travelled to the US in a Greek convoy.

Alternate Title
Kinder-Lieder fur zwei Kleine
Children’s Songs for Two Little Ones
Date
publication:  1891 February 15
emigration:  1939
Geography
publication: Berlin (Germany)
en route: New York (N.Y.)
Language
German
Genre/Form
Pamphlets.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Nellie Fink
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:28:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn531153